ON KUHN’S CASE, AND PIAGET’S: A critical two-sited hauntology (or, on impact without reference)

Burman, J. T., 25-Sep-2019, (Accepted/In press) In : History of the Human Sciences.

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Picking up on John Forrester’s (1949-2015) disclosure that he felt “haunted” by the suspicion that Thomas Kuhn’s (1922-1996) interests had become his own, this essay complexifies our understanding of both of their legacies by presenting two sites for that haunting. The first is located by engaging Forrester’s argument that the connection between Kuhn and psychoanalysis was direct. (This was the supposed source of his historiographical method: “climbing into other people’s heads.”) However, recent archival discoveries suggest that that is incorrect. Instead, Kuhn’s influence in this regard was Jean Piaget (1896-1980). And it is Piaget’s thinking that was influenced directly by psychoanalysis. Psychoanalysis then haunts Kuhn’s thinking through Piaget, and thus Piaget haunts Forrester through Kuhn. To better understand this second site of the haunting—which is ultimately the more important one given the intent of this special issue—Piaget’s early psychoanalytic ideas are uncovered through their interaction with his early biology and subsequent turn to philosophy. But several layers of conflicting contemporary misunderstandings are first peeled back. The method of hauntology is also developed, taking advantage of its origins as a critical response to the psychoanalytic discourse. As a result, a larger than usual number of primary sources are unearthed and presented as evidence (including new translations from French originals). Piaget’s intent, with his unfinished second doctorate in philosophy, is therefore contextualized. His later stage theory of cognitive development is reconnected with its biological roots in his finished first doctorate. And we learn the origins of the ideas that Kuhn made famous through Structure, to which he sought to return in Plurality at the time of his death. These interests can then also all be considered together in deriving new perspectives of Forrester’s cases / Kuhn’s exemplars / Piaget’s stages.
Original languageEnglish
JournalHistory of the Human Sciences
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 25-Sep-2019

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