Publication

Nutrition During Pregnancy, Lactation and Early Childhood and its Implications for Maternal and Long-Term Child Health: The Early Nutrition Project Recommendations

EarlyNutr Project Systematic Revie, 23-Jan-2019, In : Annals of nutrition and metabolism. 74, 2, p. 93-106 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Copy link to clipboard

Documents

  • Nutrition During Pregnancy, Lactation and Early Childhood and its Implications for Maternal and Long-Term Child Health

    Final publisher's version, 162 KB, PDF-document

    Request copy

DOI

  • EarlyNutr Project Systematic Revie

Background: A considerable body of evidence accumulated especially during the last decade, demonstrating that early nutrition and lifestyle have long-term effects on later health and disease ("developmental or metabolic programming"). Methods: Researchers involved in the European Union funded international EarlyNutrition research project consolidated the scientific evidence base and existing recommendations to formulate consensus recommendations on nutrition and lifestyle before and during pregnancy, during infancy and early childhood that take long-term health impact into account. Systematic reviews were performed on published dietary guidelines, standards and recommendations, with special attention to long-term health consequences. In addition, systematic reviews of published systematic reviews on nutritional interventions or exposures in pregnancy and in infants and young children aged up to 3 years that describe effects on subsequent overweight, obesity and body composition were performed. Experts developed consensus recommendations incorporating the wide-ranging expertise from additional 33 stakeholders. Findings: Most current recommendations for pregnant women, particularly obese women, and for young children do not take long-term health consequences of early nutrition into account, although the available evidence for relevant consequences of lifestyle, diet and growth patterns in early life on later health and disease risk is strong. Interpretation: We present updated recommendations for optimized nutrition before and during pregnancy, during lactation, infancy and toddlerhood, with special reference to later health outcomes. These recommendations are developed for affluent populations, such as women and children in Europe, and should contribute to the primary prevention of obesity and associated non-communicable diseases. (c) 2019 S. Karger AG, Basel

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)93-106
Number of pages14
JournalAnnals of nutrition and metabolism
Volume74
Issue number2
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 23-Jan-2019

    Keywords

  • Early nutrition, Lifestyle, Preconception, Pregnancy, Breastfeeding, Infancy, Early childhood, Obesity, Child health, Recommendations, Micronutrients, Metabolic programming, Developmental programming, GESTATIONAL WEIGHT-GAIN, VITAMIN-D DEFICIENCY, BODY-MASS INDEX, PERICONCEPTIONAL FOLIC-ACID, FORMULA-FED INFANTS, BREAST-FED INFANTS, AGE FOLLOW-UP, PROTEIN-INTAKE, LIFE-STYLE, YOUNG-CHILDREN

View graph of relations

ID: 90912013