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Not so monofunctional-a case of thermostable Thermobifida fusca catalase with peroxidase activity

Lončar, N. & Fraaije, M. W., Mar-2015, In : Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology. 99, 5, p. 2225-2232 8 p.

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  • Not so monofunctional-a case of thermostable Thermobifida fusca catalase

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DOI

Thermobifida fusca is a mesothermophilic organism known for its ability to degrade plant biomass and other organics, and it was demonstrated that it represents a rich resource of genes encoding for potent enzymes for biocatalysis. The thermostable catalase from T. fusca has been cloned and overexpressed in Escherichia coli with a yield of 400 mg/L. Heat treatment of disrupted cells at 60 °C for 1 h resulted in enzyme preparation of high purity; hence, no chromatography steps are needed for large-scale production. Except for catalyzing the dismutation of hydrogen peroxide, TfuCat was also found to catalyze oxidations of phenolic compounds. The catalase activity was comparable to other described catalases while peroxidase activity was quite remarkable with a k obs of nearly 1000 s(-1) for catechol. Site directed mutagenesis was used to alter the ratio of peroxidase/catalase activity. Resistance to inhibition by classic catalase inhibitors and an apparent melting temperature of 74 °C classifies this enzyme as a robust biocatalyst. As such, it could compete with other commercially available catalases while the relatively high peroxidase activity also offers new biocatalytic possibilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2225-2232
Number of pages8
JournalApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Volume99
Issue number5
Early online date17-Sep-2014
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2015

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