Nonlinear analog spintronics with van der Waals heterostructures

Omar, S., Gurram, M., Watanabe, K., Taniguchi, T., Guimarães, M. H. D. & Wees, B. J. V., 21-Apr-2020, In : ArXiv.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademic

The current generation of spintronic devices, which use electron-spin relies on linear operations for spin-injection, transport and detection processes. The existence of nonlinearity in a spintronic device is indispensable for spin-based complex signal processing operations. Here we for the first time demonstrate the presence of electron-spin dependent nonlinearity in a spintronic device, and measure up to 4th harmonic spin-signals via nonlocal spin-valve and Hanle spin-precession measurements. We demonstrate its application for analog signal processing over pure spin-signals such as amplitude modulation and heterodyne detection operations which require nonlinearity as an essential element. Furthermore, we show that the presence of nonlinearity in the spin-signal has an amplifying effect on the energy-dependent conductivity induced nonlinear spin-to-charge conversion effect. The interaction of the two spin-dependent nonlinear effects in the spin transport channel leads to a highly efficient detection of the spin-signal without using ferromagnets. These effects are measured both at 4K and room temperature, and are suitable for their applications as nonlinear circuit elements in the fields of advanced-spintronics and spin-based neuromorphic computing.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 21-Apr-2020


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