No evidence so far of a major role of AKT1 and GSK3B in the pathogenesis of antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesiaLevchenko, A., Vyalova, N., Pozhidaev, I. V., Boiko, A. S., Osmanova, D. Z., Fedorenko, O. Y., Semke, A. V., Bokhan, N. A., Wilffert, B., Loonen, A. J. M. & Ivanova, S. A., 8-Jan-2019, In : Human Psychopharmacology. 34, 1, e2685.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
OBJECTIVE: AKT1 and GSK3B take part in one of the intracellular cascades activated by the D2 dopamine receptor (DRD2). This receptor is antagonized by antipsychotics and plays a role in the pathogenesis of antipsychotic-induced tardive dyskinesia (TD). The present study investigated association of several polymorphisms in the two candidate genes, AKT1 and GSK3B, with TD in antipsychotic-treated patients with schizophrenia.
METHODS: DNA samples from 449 patients from several Siberian regions (Russia) were genotyped, and the results were analyzed using chi-squared tests and analyses of variance.
RESULTS: Antipsychotic-induced TD was not associated with either of the tested functional polymorphisms (rs334558, rs1130214, and rs3730358).
CONCLUSIONS: Despite regulation of AKT1 and GSK3B by DRD2, we found no evidence that these two kinases play a major role in the pathogenesis of antipsychotic-induced TD. These results agree with previously published data and necessitate further exploration of other pathogenic mechanisms, such as neurotoxicity due to excessive dopamine metabolism.
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 8-Jan-2019|