Publication

Nine everyday situations, nine different forms of attention

Groen, Y., Fuermaier, A. B. M., Weisbrod, M., Aschenbrenner, S. & Tucha, O., 2019.

Research output: Contribution to conferencePosterAcademic

1. Objectives
The aim of the present study was to develop a questionnaire for the assessment of everyday attentional capacities in adults: the Everyday Life Attention Scale (ELAS). Its developmental was inspired by multi-component theories of attention and clinical neuropsychology guidelines for the assessment of attention. The items ask about multiple components of attention in nine common everyday situations, including Reading, Movie, Activity, Lecture, Conversation, Assignment, Cooking, Cleaning up, and Driving.
2. Methods
Two validation studies were conducted. Study 1 investigated the factor structure, validity, and reliability of the ELAS in 1206 healthy participants by means of an online survey. Study 2 further investigated the sensitivity of the ELAS in 80 adults with ADHD compared to 80 matched healthy controls and a mixed clinical group of 56 patients diagnosed with other psychiatric disorders.
3. Results
Study1: Confirmatory factor analysis supported a situation-specific approach which categorizes everyday attention into nine situation scales. Within each of these nine situations, ratings of sustained, selective, focused, and divided attention as well as motivation constituted reliable subscales. Study 2: We found convincing evidence that adult patients with ADHD have clearly reduced attention scores (with large effect sizes) on all nine situation scales of the ELAS compared to matched healthy controls. Instead, a mixed clinical group of psychiatric patients (including depression and schizophrenia) without ADHD deviated from the healthy sample only on three situations with medium to large effect sizes (Assignment, Cooking, and Cleaning up). Patients with ADHD showed particularly strong attentional difficulties in comparison to both the control and the mixed clinical group regarding Reading, Assignment, Activity, and Conversation.
4. Conclusions
Testing the psychometric properties of the ELAS revealed that attention in everyday life can be reliably measured by situation-specific scales (Study 1) and that these scales are sensitive for attentional difficulties in patients with ADHD (Study 2), particularly for Reading, Assignment, Activity, and Conversation. The ELAS can be used as part of a battery assessment approach or in the context of treatment evaluation.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2019
Event7th World Congress on ADHD - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 25-Apr-201928-Apr-2019

Conference

Conference7th World Congress on ADHD
CountryPortugal
CityLisbon
Period25/04/201928/04/2019

Event

7th World Congress on ADHD

25/04/201928/04/2019

Lisbon, Portugal

Event: Conference

    Keywords

  • attention, questionnaire, adhd, self-report

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