Publication

Neurofeedback as a treatment intervention in ADHD: current evidence and practice

Enriquez Geppert, S., Smit, D., Garcia Pimenta, M. & Arns, M., Jun-2019, In : Current Psychiatry Reports. 21, 6, 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Purpose of Review
Current traditional treatments for ADHD present serious limitations in terms of long-term maintenance of symptom remission and side effects. Here, we provide an overview of the rationale and scientific evidence of the efficacy of neurofeedback in regulating the brain functions in ADHD. We also review the institutional and professional regulation of clinical neurofeedback implementations.

Recent Findings
Based on meta-analyses and (large multicenter) randomized controlled trials, three standard neurofeedback training protocols, namely theta/beta (TBR), sensori-motor rhythm (SMR), and slow cortical potential (SCP), turn out to be efficacious and specific. However, the practical implementation of neurofeedback as a clinical treatment is currently not regulated.

Summary
We conclude that neurofeedback based on standard protocols in ADHD should be considered as a viable treatment alternative and suggest that further research is needed to understand how specific neurofeedback protocols work. Eventually, we emphasize the need for standard neurofeedback training for practitioners and binding standards for use in clinical practice
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalCurrent Psychiatry Reports
Volume21
Issue number6
Early online date28-May-2019
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2019

    Keywords

  • ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER, SLOW CORTICAL POTENTIALS, EEG-NEUROFEEDBACK, QUANTITATIVE EEG, CONTROLLED-TRIAL, CHILDREN, RHYTHM, HYPERACTIVITY, BIOFEEDBACK, SYMPTOMS

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