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Necrostatin-1 supplementation enhances young porcine islet maturation and in vitro function

Lau, H., Corrales, N., Alexander, M., Mohammadi, M. R., Li, S., Smink, A. M., de Vos, P. & Lakey, J. R. T., 18-Sep-2019, In : Xenotransplantation. 11 p., e12555.

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  • Necrostatin‐1 supplementation enhances young porcine islet maturation and in vitro function

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BACKGROUND: Necroptosis has been demonstrated to be a primary mechanism of islet cell death. This study evaluated whether the supplementation of necrostatin-1 (Nec-1), a potent inhibitor of necroptosis, to islet culture media could improve the recovery, maturation, and function of pre-weaned porcine islets (PPIs).

METHODS: PPIs were isolated from pre-weaned Yorkshire piglets (8-15 days old) and either cultured in control islet culture media (n = 6) or supplemented with Nec-1 (100 µM, n = 5). On days 3 and 7 of culture, islets were assessed for recovery, insulin content, viability, cellular composition, GLUT2 expression in beta cells, differentiation of pancreatic endocrine progenitor cells, function, and oxygen consumption rate.

RESULTS: Nec-1 supplementation induced a 2-fold increase in the insulin content of PPIs on day 7 of culture. When compared to untreated islets, Nec-1 treatment doubled the beta- and alpha-cell composition and accelerated the development of delta cells. Additionally, beta cells of Nec-1-treated islets had a significant upregulation in GLUT2 expression. The enhanced development of major endocrine cells and GLUT2 expression after Nec-1 treatment subsequently led to a significant increase in the amount of insulin secreted in response to in vitro glucose challenge. Islet recovery, viability, and oxygen consumption rate were unaffected by Nec-1.

CONCLUSION: This study underlines the importance of necroptosis in islet cell death after isolation and demonstrates the novel effects of Nec-1 to increase islet insulin content, enhance pancreatic endocrine cell development, facilitate GLUT2 upregulation in beta cells, and augment insulin secretion. Nec-1 supplementation to culture media significantly improves islet quality prior to xenotransplantation.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere12555
Number of pages11
JournalXenotransplantation
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 18-Sep-2019

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