Publication

Nasal DNA methylation profiling of asthma and rhinitis

Qi, C., Jiang, Y., Yang, I. V., Forno, E., Wang, T., Vonk, J. M., Gehring, U., Smit, H. A., Milanzi, E. B., Carpaij, O. A., Berg, M., Hesse, L., Brouwer, S., Cardwell, J., Vermeulen, C. J., Acosta-Pérez, E., Canino, G., Boutaoui, N., van den Berge, M., Teichmann, S. A., Nawijn, M. C., Chen, W., Celedón, J. C., Xu, C-J. & Koppelman, G. H., Jun-2020, In : Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology. 145, 6, p. 1655-1663 9 p.

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  • Nasal DNA methylation profiling of asthma and rhinitis

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DOI

Background: Epigenetic signatures in the nasal epithelium, which is a primary interface with the environment and an accessible proxy for the bronchial epithelium, might provide insights into mechanisms of allergic disease. Objective: We aimed to identify and interpret methylation signatures in nasal epithelial brushes associated with rhinitis and asthma. Methods: Nasal epithelial brushes were obtained from 455 children at the 16-year follow-up of the Dutch Prevention and Incidence of Asthma and Mite Allergy birth cohort study. Epigenome-wide association studies were performed on children with asthma, rhinitis, and asthma and/or rhinitis (AsRh) by using logistic regression, and the top results were replicated in 2 independent cohorts of African American and Puerto Rican children. Significant CpG sites were related to environmental exposures (pets, active and passive smoking, and molds) during secondary school and were correlated with gene expression by RNA-sequencing (n = 244). Results: The epigenome-wide association studies identified CpG sites significantly associated with rhinitis (n = 81) and AsRh (n = 75), but not with asthma. We significantly replicated 62 of 81 CpG sites with rhinitis and 60 of 75 with AsRh, as well as 1 CpG site with asthma. Methylation of cg03565274 was negatively associated with AsRh and positively associated with exposure to pets during secondary school. DNA methylation signals associated with AsRh were mainly driven by specific IgE–positive subjects. DNA methylation related to gene transcripts that were enriched for immune pathways and expressed in immune and epithelial cells. Nasal CpG sites performed well in predicting AsRh. Conclusions: We identified replicable DNA methylation profiles of asthma and rhinitis in nasal brushes. Exposure to pets may affect nasal epithelial methylation in relation to asthma and rhinitis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1655-1663
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology
Volume145
Issue number6
Early online date14-Jan-2020
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2020

    Keywords

  • Asthma, rhinitis, united airways, epigenetics, environmental exposure, EPIGENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION, EPITHELIAL-CELLS, CHILDREN, BIRTH, RISK, IGE, METAANALYSIS, EOSINOPHILS, EXPOSURE, ECZEMA

ID: 112515283