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Nanostructured oxides synthesised via scCO2-assisted sol-gel methods and their application in catalysis

Tao, Y. & Pescarmona, P. P., May-2018, In : Catalysts. 8, 5, 212.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Nanostructured metal oxides and silicates are increasingly applied in catalysis, either as supports or as active species in heterogeneous catalysts, owing to the physicochemical properties that typically distinguish them from bulk oxides, such as higher surface area and a larger fraction of coordinatively unsaturated sites at their surface. Among the different synthetic routes for preparing these oxides, sol-gel is a relatively facile and efficient method. The use of supercritical CO2 (scCO2) in the sol-gel process can be functional to the formation of nanostructured materials. The physical properties of the scCO2 medium can be controlled by adjusting the processing temperature and the pressure of CO2, thus enabling the synthesis conditions to be tuned. This paper provides a review of the studies on the synthesis of oxide nanomaterials via scCO2-assisted sol-gel methods and their catalytic applications. The advantages brought about by scCO2 in the synthesis of oxides are described, and the performance of oxide-based catalysts prepared by scCO2 routes is compared to their counterparts prepared via non-scCO2-assisted methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number212
JournalCatalysts
Volume8
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May-2018

    Keywords

  • Catalysis, Nanostructured oxides, Sol-gel, Supercritical CO, SUPERCRITICAL ANTISOLVENT PRECIPITATION, ANTI-SOLVENT PRECIPITATION, TITANIA-SILICA AEROGELS, NATURAL-GAS LNG, HYDROGEN-PRODUCTION, METAL-OXIDE, CO2, TIO2, OXIDATION, CHEMISTRY

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