Publication

Myocardial perfusion quantification in patients suspected of cardiac syndrome X with positive and negative exercise testing: A [N-13]ammonia positron emission tomography study

de Vries, J., DeJongste, M. J. L., Jessurun, G. A. J., Jager, P. L., Staal, M. J. & Slart, R. H. J. A., Oct-2006, In : Nuclear Medicine Communications. 27, 10, p. 791-794 4 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Background The combination of angina pectoris, angiographically normal coronary arteries, and a positive exercise stress test (EST) is referred to as cardiac syndrome X. However, a large group of patients suspected of syndrome X reveals a normal exercise stress test and weakens the diagnosis of syndrome X. Previous studies demonstrated an impaired coronary flow reserve on ammonia positron emission tomography (PET) in patients with syndrome X.

Aim To evaluate the coronary flow reserve in patients suspected of syndrome X with positive and negative EST findings, using [N-13]ammonia PET as the diagnostic aid.

Methods Forty-two patients with chest pain and a normal coronary angiography, were analysed by exercise stress testing (EST) and the dypyridamole stress test (DST) on [N-13]ammonia PET Two subgroups were predefined, based on outcome of EST: an EST positive and negative group. A normal control group was used as the reference method.

Results A total of 24 (57%) out of 42 patients had significant ST-T changes (EST positive). [N-13]ammonia PET showed a significantly lower rest flow in the EST positive and EST negative group compared to controls (P <0.001 and P = 0.0028, respectively). DST [N-13]ammonia PET perfusion was significantly reduced in flow in both the EST positive and EST negative groups (P <0.001 both), as was the DST/rest [N-13]ammonia perfusion reserve (P <0.001 for both), compared to normal controls.

Conclusion PET demonstrates a reduced coronary flow reserve in patients suspected of syndrome X, irrespective of the EST findings.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)791-794
Number of pages4
JournalNuclear Medicine Communications
Volume27
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2006

    Keywords

  • cardiac syndrome X, exercise testing, positron emission tomography, NORMAL CORONARY-ARTERIES, ST-SEGMENT DEPRESSION, CHEST-PAIN, ANGINA-PECTORIS, FLOW RESERVE, ARTERIOGRAMS, ISCHEMIA

ID: 4480604