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Myocardial extracellular volume fraction to differentiate healthy from cardiomyopathic myocardium using dual-source dual-energy CT

Abadia, A. F., van Assen, M., Martin, S. S., Vingiani, V., Griffith, L. P., Giovagnoli, D. A., Bauer, M. J. & Schoepf, U. J., 2020, In : Journal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography. 14, 2, p. 162-167 6 p.

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  • Myocardial extracellular volume fraction to differentiate healthy from cardiomyopathic myocardium using dual-source dual-energy CT

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DOI

  • Andres F. Abadia
  • Marly van Assen
  • Simon S. Martin
  • Vincenzo Vingiani
  • L. Parkwood Griffith
  • Dante A. Giovagnoli
  • Maximilian J. Bauer
  • U. Joseph Schoepf

Objective: To evaluate the feasibility of dual-energy CT (DECT)-based iodine quantification to estimate myocardial extracellular volume (ECV) fraction in patients with and without cardiomyopathy (CM), as well as to assess its ability to distinguish healthy myocardial tissue from cardiomyopathic, with the goal of defining a threshold ECV value for disease detection. Methods: Ten subjects free of heart disease and 60 patients with CM (mean age 66.4 ± 9.4; 59 males and 11 females; 40 ischemic and 20 non-ischemic CM) underwent late iodine enhanced DECT imaging. Myocardial iodine maps were obtained using 3-material decomposition. ECV of the left ventricle was estimated from hematocrit levels and the iodine maps using the AHA 16-segment model. Receiver operating characteristic curve analysis was performed, with corresponding area under the curve, along with Youden's index assessment, to establish a threshold for CM detection. Results: The median ECV for healthy myocardium, non-ischemic CM, and ischemic CM were 25.4% (22.9–27.3), 38.3% (33.7–43.0), and 36.9% (32.4–41.1), respectively. Healthy myocardium showed significantly lower ECV values compared to ischemic and non-ischemic CM (p < 0.001). From Youden's index analysis, an ECV>29.5% would indicate the presence of CM in the myocardium (sensitivity = 90.3; specificity = 90.3); the AUC for this criterion was 0.950 (p < 0.001). Conclusion: The findings of this study resulted in a statistically significant distinction between healthy myocardium and CM ECVs. This led to the establishment of a promising threshold ECV value that could facilitate the differentiation between healthy and diseased myocardium, and highlights the potential of this DECT methodology to detect cardiomyopathic tissue.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)162-167
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Cardiovascular Computed Tomography
Volume14
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2020

    Keywords

  • Computed tomography, Cardiomyopathy, Spectral imaging, Extracellular volume fraction, Iodine, METAL ARTIFACT REDUCTION, COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY, CARDIAC CT, FIBROSIS

ID: 133403245