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Myeloperoxidase modulates lung epithelial responses to pro-inflammatory agents

Haegens, A., Vernooy, J. H. J., Heeringa, P., Mossman, B. T. & Wouters, E. F. M., Feb-2008, In : European Respiratory Journal. 31, 2, p. 252-260 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • A. Haegens
  • J. H. J. Vernooy
  • P. Heeringa
  • B. T. Mossman
  • E. F. M. Wouters

During extensive inflammation, neutrophils undergo secondary necrosis causing myeloperoxidase (MPO) release that may damage resident lung cells. Recent observations suggest that MPO has pro-inflammatory properties, independent of its enzymatic activity. The aims of the present study were to characterise MPO internalisation by lung epithelial cells and to investigate the effect of MPO on oxidative stress, DNA damage and cytokine production by lung epithelial cells.

Human alveolar and bronchial epithelial cells were stimulated with MPO, with or without priming the cells with pro-inflammatory stimuli. MPO protein was detected in the cell cytoplasm. Expression of haernoxygenase (HO)-1 and DNA strand breakage were determined. The production of interleukin (IL)-8 and -6 were measured.

Analyses of MPO-stimulated cells demonstrated MPO presence in the cells. HO-1 expression was increased after MPO stimulation and increased further when cells were primed before MPO stimulation. MPO exposure also induced DNA strand breakage. Interestingly, MPO inhibited IL-8 production in bronchial, but not alveolar epithelium.

In conclusion, alveolar and bronchial epithelial cells can internalise myeloperoxidase. Stimulation with myeloperoxidase increases haemoxygenase-1 expression and DNA strand breakage, suggesting cell damaging capacity of myeloperoxidase. In addition, myeloperoxidase inhibited interleukin-8 production by bronchial epithelial cells, indicating a negative feedback loop for neutrophil recruitment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)252-260
Number of pages9
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume31
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2008

    Keywords

  • inflammation, myeloperoxidase, neutrophilia, oxidative stress, NF-KAPPA-B, GENE-EXPRESSION, HEME OXYGENASE-1, CELLS, ASBESTOS, ACTIVATION, INDUCTION, LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDE, MECHANISMS, GENERATION

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