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Mutations in EMT-Related Genes in ALK Positive Crizotinib Resistant Non-Small Cell Lung Cancers

Wei, J., van der Wekken, A. J., Saber, A., Terpstra, M. M., Schuuring, E., Timens, W., Hiltermann, T. J. N., Groen, H. J. M., van den Berg, A. & Kok, K., 4-Jan-2018, In : Cancers. 10, 1, 12 p., 10.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Crizotinib is an effective drug for patients with anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC), but upon treatment, the tumors inevitably become crizotinib resistant in time. The resistance mechanisms are only partly understood. In this study, we aim to identify gene mutations associated with resistance in ALK positive advanced non-squamous NSCLC treated with crizotinib. Four ALK positive patients with progressive disease following crizotinib treatment were identified with paired pre- and post-crizotinib tumor tissue from our previously published cohort. Somatic variants in these samples were detected by whole exome sequencing. In one of the four patients, an ALK-resistance associated mutation was identified. In the other three patients, no ALK-resistance associated mutations were present. In these patients we identified 89 relevant somatic mutations in 74 genes that were specific to the resistant tumors. These genes were enriched in 15 pathways. Four pathways, were related to epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT): proteoglycans in cancer, HIF-1 signaling, FoxO signaling pathway, and ECM-receptor interaction. Analysis of other EMT-related pathways revealed three additional genes with mutations specific to the crizotinib-resistant tumor samples. The enrichment of mutations in genes associated with EMT-related pathways indicates that loss of epithelial differentiation may represent a relevant resistance mechanism for crizotinib.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10
Number of pages12
JournalCancers
Volume10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 4-Jan-2018

    Keywords

  • whole exome sequencing, adenocarcinoma, ALK, crizotinib resistance, EPITHELIAL-MESENCHYMAL TRANSITION, EML4-ALK FUSION GENE, ACQUIRED-RESISTANCE, OPEN-LABEL, INHIBITORS, CHEMOTHERAPY, MECHANISMS, OVERCOME, MALIGNANCIES, EXPRESSION

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