Publication

MRI in the evaluation of facial dermal fillers in normal and complicated cases

Di Girolamo, M., Mattei, M., Signore, A. & Grippaudo, F. R., Mar-2015, In : European Radiology. 25, 5, p. 1431-1442 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

To ascertain by MRI the presence of filler injected into facial soft tissue and characterize complications by contrast enhancement.

Nineteen volunteers without complications were initially investigated to study the MRI features of facial fillers. We then studied another 26 patients with clinically diagnosed filler-related complications using contrast-enhanced MRI. TSE-T1-weighted, TSE-T2-weighted, fat-saturated TSE-T2-weighted, and TIRM axial and coronal scans were performed in all patients, and contrast-enhanced fat-suppressed TSE-T1-weighted scans were performed in complicated patients, who were then treated with antibiotics. Patients with soft-tissue enhancement and those without enhancement but who did not respond to therapy underwent skin biopsy. Fisher's exact test was used for statistical analysis.

MRI identified and quantified the extent of fillers. Contrast enhancement was detected in 9/26 patients, and skin biopsy consistently showed inflammatory granulomatous reaction, whereas in 5/17 patients without contrast enhancement, biopsy showed no granulomas. Fisher's exact test showed significant correlation (p <0.001) between subcutaneous contrast enhancement and granulomatous reaction. Cervical lymph node enlargement (longitudinal axis > 10 mm) was found in 16 complicated patients (65 %; levels IA/IB/IIA/IIB).

MRI is a useful non-invasive tool for anatomical localization of facial dermal filler; IV gadolinium administration is advised in complicated cases for characterization of granulomatous reaction.

aEuro cent MRI is a non-invasive tool for facial dermal filler detection and localization.

aEuro cent MRI-criteria to evaluate complicated/non-complicated cases after facial dermal filler injections are defined.

aEuro cent Contrast-enhanced MRI detects subcutaneous inflammatory granulomatous reaction due to dermal filler.

aEuro cent 65 % patients with filler-related complications showed lymph-node enlargement versus 31.5 % without complications.

aEuro cent Lymph node enlargement involved cervical levels (IA/IB/IIA/IIB) that drained treated facial areas.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1431-1442
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume25
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2015

    Keywords

  • Dermal filler, MRI, Contrast-enhanced MRI, Granulomas, Lymph node enlargement, SOFT-TISSUE AUGMENTATION, INJECTABLE SILICONE, INJECTION, ARTECOLL, MICROSPHERES, IMPLANTATION, HISTORY, NODES

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