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Molecular Dynamics of the Association of L-Selectin and FERM Regulated by PIP2

Sun, F., Schroer, C. F. E., Xu, L., Yin, H., Marrink, S. J. & Luo, S-Z., 24-Apr-2018, In : Biophysical Journal. 114, 8, p. 1858-1868 11 p.

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  • Molecular Dynamics of the Association of L-Selectin and FERM Regulated by PIP2

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DOI

Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) acts as a signaling lipid, mediating membrane trafficking and recruitment of proteins to membranes. A key example is the PIP2-dependent regulation of the adhesion of L-selectin to the cytoskeleton adaptors of the N-terminal subdomain of ezrin-radixin-moesin (FERM). The molecular details of the mediating behavior of multivalent anionic PIP2 lipids in this process, however, remain unclear. Here, we use coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulation to explore the mechanistic details of PIP2 in the transformation, translocation, and association of the FERM/L-selectin complex. We compare membranes of different compositions and find that anionic phospholipids are necessary for both FERM and the cytoplasmic domain of L-selectin to absorb on the membrane surface. The subsequent formation of the FERM/L-selectin complex is strongly favored by the presence of PIP2, which clusters around both proteins and triggers a conformational transition in the cytoplasmic domain of L-selectin. We are able to quantify the effect of PIP2 on the association free energy of the complex by means of a potential of mean force. We conclude that PIP2 behaves as an adhesive agent to enhance the stability of the FERM/L-selectin complex and identify key residues involved. The molecular information revealed in this study highlights the specific role of membrane lipids such as PIP2 in protein translocation and potential signaling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1858-1868
Number of pages11
JournalBiophysical Journal
Volume114
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 24-Apr-2018

ID: 57982491