Molecular Dynamics of the Association of L-Selectin and FERM Regulated by PIP2Sun, F., Schroer, C. F. E., Xu, L., Yin, H., Marrink, S. J. & Luo, S-Z., 24-Apr-2018, In : Biophysical Journal. 114, 8, p. 1858-1868 11 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PIP2) acts as a signaling lipid, mediating membrane trafficking and recruitment of proteins to membranes. A key example is the PIP2-dependent regulation of the adhesion of L-selectin to the cytoskeleton adaptors of the N-terminal subdomain of ezrin-radixin-moesin (FERM). The molecular details of the mediating behavior of multivalent anionic PIP2 lipids in this process, however, remain unclear. Here, we use coarse-grained molecular dynamics simulation to explore the mechanistic details of PIP2 in the transformation, translocation, and association of the FERM/L-selectin complex. We compare membranes of different compositions and find that anionic phospholipids are necessary for both FERM and the cytoplasmic domain of L-selectin to absorb on the membrane surface. The subsequent formation of the FERM/L-selectin complex is strongly favored by the presence of PIP2, which clusters around both proteins and triggers a conformational transition in the cytoplasmic domain of L-selectin. We are able to quantify the effect of PIP2 on the association free energy of the complex by means of a potential of mean force. We conclude that PIP2 behaves as an adhesive agent to enhance the stability of the FERM/L-selectin complex and identify key residues involved. The molecular information revealed in this study highlights the specific role of membrane lipids such as PIP2 in protein translocation and potential signaling.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 24-Apr-2018|