Moderation of dietary sodium potentiates the renal and cardiovascular protective effects of angiotensin receptor blockersLambers Heerspink, H. J., Holtkamp, F. A., Parving, H-H., Navis, G. J., Lewis, J. B., Ritz, E., de Graeff, P. A. & de Zeeuw, D., Aug-2012, In : Kidney International. 82, 3, p. 330-337 8 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Dietary sodium restriction has been shown to enhance the short-term response of blood pressure and albuminuria to angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs). Whether this also enhances the long-term renal and cardiovascular protective effects of ARBs is unknown. Here we conducted a post-hoc analysis of the RENAAL and IDNT trials to test this in patients with type 2 diabetic nephropathy randomized to ARB or non-renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (non-RAASi)-based antihypertensive therapy. Treatment effects on renal and cardiovascular outcomes were compared in subgroups based on dietary sodium intake during treatment, measured as the 24-h urinary sodium/creatinine ratio of 1177 patients with available 24-h urinary sodium measurements. ARB compared to non-RAASi-based therapy produced the greatest long-term effects on renal and cardiovascular events in the lowest tertile of sodium intake. Compared to non-RAASi, the trend in risk for renal events was significantly reduced by 43%, not changed, or increased by 37% for each tertile of increased sodium intake, respectively. The trend for cardiovascular events was significantly reduced by 37%, increased by 2% and 25%, respectively. Thus, treatment effects of ARB compared with non-RAASi-based therapy on renal and cardiovascular outcomes were greater in patients with type 2 diabetic nephropathy with lower than higher dietary sodium intake. This underscores the avoidance of excessive sodium intake, particularly in type 2 diabetic patients receiving ARB therapy. Kidney International (2012) 82, 330-337; doi:10.1038/ki.2012.74; published online 21 March 2012
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Aug-2012|
- angiotensin receptor blockers, diabetic nephropathy, dietary sodium, type 2 diabetes, GLOMERULAR-FILTRATION-RATE, CONVERTING ENZYME-INHIBITION, CHRONIC KIDNEY-DISEASE, DIABETIC-NEPHROPATHY, TYPE-2 DIABETES/, SERUM CREATININE, CONTROLLED-TRIAL, ACE-INHIBITION, LOSARTAN, RATS