Mitral regurgitation: when to intervene? A historical perspective

Bergstra, A., Simsek, C. & van den Heuvel, A. F. M., May-2020, In : Netherlands Heart Hournal. 28, 5, p. 266-271 6 p.

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  • A. Bergstra
  • C. Simsek
  • A. F. M. van den Heuvel

Although mitral regurgitation (MR) is the most common valvular heart disease, it should be regarded as a complex multifactorial disease that involves multiple entities. Optimal medical therapy alone does not hinder the progression of the disease, and in the 1980s it was already recognised that corrective surgery is indicated if MR is severe and patients are symptomatic (except for those with the most severe left ventricle dysfunction). Later on, asymptomatic patients with deterioration of the left ventricular ejection fraction were also operated on to avoid irreversible left ventricular dysfunction, heart failure and eventually death. However, a major drawback remains the fact that a significant group of patients is considered to have a high perioperative risk due to their advanced age or severe comorbidities. Since less invasive, percutaneous interventions have been developed and recently thoroughly investigated in the MITRA-FR and the COAPT studies, the type of intervention and also the timing have become more crucial. In this critical review of the literature, we describe what we should have learned from the past and which (haemodynamic) parameters can best predict the outcome in patients with MR.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)266-271
Number of pages6
JournalNetherlands Heart Hournal
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - May-2020


  • Mitral regurgitation, Haemodynamics, Wall stress, MitraClip procedure, FLAIL LEAFLETS, RESERVE

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