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Migration of Paraburkholderia terrae BS001 along old fungal hyphae in soil at various pH levels

Yang, P., Oliveira da Rocha Calixto, R. & van Elsas, J. D., Aug-2018, In : Microbial ecology. 76, 2, p. 443-452 10 p.

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DOI

The movement of bacterial cells along with fungal hyphae in soil (the mycosphere) has been reported in several previous studies. However, how local soil conditions affect bacterial migration direction in the mycosphere has not been extensively studied. Here, we investigated the influence of two soil parameters, pH and soil moisture content, on the migration, and survival, of Paraburkholderia terrae BS001 in the mycosphere of Lyophyllum sp. strain Karsten in microcosms containing a loamy sand soil. The data showed that bacterial movement along the hyphal networks took place in both the "forward" and the "backward" directions. Low soil pH strongly restricted bacterial survival, as well as dispersal in both directions, in the mycosphere. The backward movement was weakly correlated with the amount of fungal tissue formed in the old mycelial network. The initial soil moisture content, set at 12 versus 17% (corresponding to 42 and 60% of the soil water holding capacity), also significantly affected the bacterial dispersal along the fungal hyphae. Overall, the presence of fungal hyphae was found to increase the soil pH (under conditions of acidity), which possibly exerted protective effects on the bacterial cells. Finally, we provide a refined model that describes the bacterial migration patterns with fungal hyphae based on the new findings in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)443-452
Number of pages10
JournalMicrobial ecology
Volume76
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug-2018

    Keywords

  • Bacterial motility, Soil pH, Soil moisture, Mycosphere, III SECRETION SYSTEM, SP STRAIN KARSTEN, DEGRADING BACTERIA, FLAGELLAR MOTILITY, ACIDIC PH, BURKHOLDERIA, DISPERSAL, BIODEGRADATION, MYCOSPHERE, SURVIVAL

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