Microbial Synthesis and Transformation of Inorganic and Organic Chlorine CompoundsAtashgahi, S., Liebensteiner, M. G., Janssen, D. B., Smidt, H., Stams, A. J. M. & Sipkema, D., 12-Dec-2018, In : Frontiers in Microbiology. 9, 22 p., 3079.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Review article › Academic › peer-review
Organic and inorganic chlorine compounds are formed by a broad range of natural geochemical, photochemical and biological processes. In addition, chlorine compounds are produced in large quantities for industrial, agricultural and pharmaceutical purposes, which has led to widespread environmental pollution. Abiotic transformations and microbial metabolism of inorganic and organic chlorine compounds combined with human activities constitute the chlorine cycle on Earth. Naturally occurring organochlorines compounds are synthesized and transformed by diverse groups of (micro) organisms in the presence or absence of oxygen. In turn, anthropogenic chlorine contaminants may be degraded under natural or stimulated conditions. Here, we review phylogeny, biochemistry and ecology of microorganisms mediating chlorination and dechlorination processes. In addition, the co-occurrence and potential interdependency of catabolic and anabolic transformations of natural and synthetic chlorine compounds are discussed for selected microorganisms and particular ecosystems.
|Number of pages||22|
|Journal||Frontiers in Microbiology|
|Publication status||Published - 12-Dec-2018|
- chlorine cycle, organochlorines, chlorine oxyanions, chlorination, dechlorination, RESPIRATORY NITRATE REDUCTASE, BIOSYNTHETIC GENE-CLUSTER, GLUTATHIONE-S-TRANSFERASE, VINYL-CHLORIDE, PERCHLORATE REDUCTION, METHYL-CHLORIDE, (PER)CHLORATE REDUCTION, HALOALKANE DEHALOGENASE, UNEXPECTED DIVERSITY, CHLORATE REDUCTION