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Methyl lactate production from levoglucosan by using Sn-Beta and H-Beta catalysts

Luo, D., Liu, S., Yin, W. & Xia, S., Mar-2020, In : Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology. 95, 3, p. 798-805 8 p.

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  • Methyl lactate production from levoglucosan by using Sn-Beta and H-Beta catalysts

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DOI

BACKGROUND Fast pyrolysis of lignocellulosics has provided an abundant sugar source for production of value-added chemicals, and levoglucosan is the most representative sugar in pyrolysis liquid (bio oil). This paper explored the potential for producing methyl lactate from levoglucosan by employing the mixed catalysts of zeolite tin beta (Sn-Beta) and zeolite hydrogen beta (H-Beta). RESULTS Under the optimal conditions (at 200 degrees C and mixed catalysts with H-Beta:Sn-Beta ratio of 1:5), the yield of methyl lactate obtained from levoglucosan conversion was as high as 35%. And the yield was comparable to that of methyl lactate obtained from glucose conversion under the similar conditions (at 200 degrees C and pure Sn-Beta). In order to investigate the reason, a contrasting experiment with glucose as substrate also was carried out with the mixed catalysts. The results indicated that during the levoglucosan conversion process, 'the methanolysis of levoglucosan' was likely to compete with 'the dehydration of glucose' for the Bronsted acid sites of H-Beta. In addition, the catalytic functions of H-Beta and Sn-Beta, and the reaction pathway were deeply investigated through tracking and comparing the conversion of levoglucosan over mixed H-Beta/Sn-Beta and over pure Sn-Beta catalysts, respectively. CONCLUSION The appropriately lower ratio of H-Beta:Sn-Beta and relatively higher temperature were favorable for the reaction. H-Beta containing Bronsted acid could remarkably accelerate the conversion of levoglucosan and methyl-glucosides to glucose. Sn-Beta containing Lewis acid mainly promoted the retro-aldol condensation of glucose and formation of methyl lactate. (c) 2019 Society of Chemical Industry

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)798-805
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Volume95
Issue number3
Early online date27-Dec-2019
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2020

    Keywords

  • levoglucosan, methyl lactate, glucose, Sn-Beta, H-Beta, PYROLYTIC SUGARS, LACTIC-ACID, DIRECT CONVERSION, ETHYL LACTATE, BIOMASS, CELLULOSE, ZEOLITES, TRANSFORMATION, HYDROLYSIS, CHEMICALS

ID: 113057447