Memory crisis: The Shoah within a collective European memory

van der Poel, S., 1-Nov-2019, In : Journal of European Studies. 49, 3-4, p. 267-281 15 p., 3.

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This paper analyses the memory crisis resulting from conflicting perceptions of the Shoah in Western and Central Europe. To clarify this memory crisis, crucial aspects of these divergent perceptions will be discussed. From the Western perspective, there is a strong tendency to underline the universal meaning and importance of the Shoah, and to institutionalize this in UN and EU resolutions and declarations. From an Eastern perspective, this process of globalizing Shoah discourse is often considered to be a Western preoccupation and as just another mechanism to promulgate further Western cultural domination. In Central Europe the supposed singularity of the Shoah is not only often doubted, but the focus is shifted far more on to processing communism and identity-based policies. To clarify and illustrate how the Shoah is reflected on in historical debates and the public domain, recent Polish and Hungarian monuments, museums, literature and films are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number3
Pages (from-to)267-281
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of European Studies
Issue number3-4
Early online date12-Aug-2019
Publication statusPublished - 1-Nov-2019


  • Central Europe, contemporary history, Holocaust, memory crisis, processing communism, Shoah

ID: 93433032