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Meegesleept in de wereld van het verhaal? Twee replicaties van een onderzoek naar de rol van de protagonist

Jansen, C. J. M., Nederhoff, S. & Ooms, J., 1-Mar-2017, In : Tijdschrift voor taalbeheersing. 39, 1, p. 81-114 34 p.

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  • Meegesleept in de wereld van het verhaal?

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DOI

A recent study among young readers (n = 83) concluded that the way the protagonist is portrayed (sympathetic, neutral or unsympathetic) plays a key role in transportation (De Graaf & Hustinx, 2015). In view of the importance of this conclusion, two replications were performed among comparable groups of readers. In the first, direct replication (n = 79) the same story was used as in the original study. The second, conceptual replication (n = 81) used another story. Just like the original study, both replications used story versions that differed in the way the protagonist was portrayed, and both replications measured the same variables as the original study. Analyses of the results of the original study and the two replications cast doubt on the conclusion drawn in the original study. In the original study some of the predicted effects of text version on transportation were found, others were not. In the replications none of these effects were found to be significant. Meta-analyses of the findings in the original study and the replications revealed small effects of story version on transportation measures. Neither the replications nor the meta-analyses provided support for the mediating effect hypothesised in De Graaf and Hustinx of transportation on the relationship between the ways the protagonist was portrayed and readers’ beliefs. As the statistical power of the analyses in the three separate studies was limited, new studies with larger numbers of participants are recommended.
Translated title of the contributionTransported into a story world? : Two replications of a study on the role of the protagonist
Original languageDutch
Pages (from-to)81-114
Number of pages34
JournalTijdschrift voor taalbeheersing
Volume39
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1-Mar-2017

    Keywords

  • empathy, meta-analysis, narrative , protagonist, replication, sympathy, transportation
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