Medical adjunctive therapy for patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia: a systematic review

Ipema, J., Roozendaal, N. C., Bax, W. A., de Borst, G. J., de Vries, J-P. & Ünlü, Ç., Dec-2019, In : JOURNAL OF CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY. 60, 6, p. 642-651 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

INTRODUCTION: To systematically review the literature on medical adjunctive therapy for patients with chronic limb-threatening ischemia (CLTI).

EVIDENCE ACQUISITION: MEDLINE, Embase, and Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews were searched for studies published between January 1, 2009, and June 1, 2019. Articles that studied medical treatment of CLTI patients and reported clinical outcomes were eligible. Main exclusion criteria were case reports <20 patients, incorrect publication type, and CLTI caused by Buerger disease. The primary end point was major amputation (above the ankle) in studies with a follow-up of ≥6 months. Secondary end points were other clinical end points such as death and wound healing. Study quality was assessed according to the Downs and Black checklist.

EVIDENCE SYNTHESIS: Included were 42 articles; 4 focused on antiplatelet therapy, 5 on antihypertensive medication, 6 on lipid-lowering therapy, 16 on stem cell therapy, 3 on growth factors, 5 on prostanoids, and 1 study each on cilostazol, glucose-lowering therapy, spinal cord stimulation, sulodexide, and hemodilution. Calcium channel blockers, iloprost, cilostazol, and hemodilution showed significant improvement of limb salvage, but data are limited. Stem cell therapy showed no significant improvement of limb salvage but could potentially improve wound healing. Antiplatelets, antihypertensives, and statins showed significantly lower cardiovascular events rates but not evident lower major amputation rates. The quality of the studies was fair to good.

CONCLUSIONS: Certain medical therapies serve to improve limb salvage next to revascularization in CLTI patients, whereas others are important in secondary prevention. Because high quality evidence is limited, further research is needed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)642-651
Number of pages10
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2019

ID: 109883010