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Maximal and submaximal aerobic tests for wheelchair-dependent persons with spinal cord injury: A systematic review to summarize and identify useful applications for clinical rehabilitation

Eerden, S., Dekker, R. & Hettinga, F. J., 2018, In : Disability and Rehabilitation. 40, 5, p. 497-521 25 p.

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Purpose: To summarize the available maximal and submaximal aerobic exercise tests for wheelchai-rdependent persons with a spinal cord injury (SCI) and to identify useful applications for clinical rehabilitation.

Method: The databases of PubMed, CINAHL (R), EMBASE, and PsycINFO (R) were searched for English-language studies published prior to March 2015. Two independent raters identified and examined studies that reported on laboratory-based aerobic exercise tests in persons with an SCI, according to the PRISMA statement.

Results: The test protocols of maximal (n = 105) and submaximal (n = 28) exercise tests, covered by 95 included studies, were assessed. A large variety in patient characteristics, test objectives, test protocols, exercise modes, and outcome parameters was reported. Few studies reported on adherence to recommendations, adverse events, and peak outcome validation.

Conclusions: An incremental test protocol with small, individualized, increments per stage seems preferable for testing maximal aerobic capacity, but additional validation of the available test modes is required to draw conclusions. Submaximal testing is relevant for assessing the performance at daily life intensities and for estimating VO2peak. Consensus regarding reporting test procedures and outcomes needs to be achieved to enhance comparability of rehabilitation results.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)497-521
Number of pages25
JournalDisability and Rehabilitation
Volume40
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Keywords

  • Cardiopulmonary exercise test, rehabilitation outcome, wheelchair, upper extremity, spinal cord injuries, ERGOMETER TRAINING-PROGRAM, ARM CRANKING EXERCISE, PEAK OXYGEN-UPTAKE, PHYSICAL CAPACITY, PHYSIOLOGICAL-RESPONSES, INPATIENT REHABILITATION, PERCEIVED EXERTION, HEART-RATE, WORK CAPACITY, CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS

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