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Maxillary overdentures supported by four or six implants in the anterior region: 5-year results from a randomized controlled trial

Slot, W., Raghoebar, G. M., Cune, M. S., Vissink, A. & Meijer, H. J. A., Dec-2016, In : Journal of Clinical Periodontology. 43, 12, p. 1180-1187 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Objective: To compare a four-and six-implant maxillary overdenture after an observation period of 5 years.

Material and methods: Fifty subjects with functional problems concerning their maxillary denture, who had ample bone volume in the anterior region to place four or six implants, were included and randomly assigned to either group. Implant and overdenture survival, clinical performance, marginal bone loss and patient satisfaction were assessed.

Results: Forty-six patients completed the 5-year follow-up. One implant failed in the six implants group (99.2% survival) and none in the four implants group (100% survival). No overdentures had to be replaced during the observation period and the number of complications was limited. Clinical function was good, with no difference in clinical parameters between the groups. Mean marginal bone resorption was 0.50 +/- 0.37 and 0.52 +/- 0.43 mmin the four and six implant group respectively.

Conclusion: In patients with functional complaints of their maxillary denture, bar-supported overdentures on four implants in the anterior maxillary region were not inferior to overdentures supported by six implants after 5 years of function. Implant survival and patient satisfaction were high, clinical parameters favourable, bone loss and complications to the denture were minor in both groups (Clinical trial registration number: NTR2969).

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1180-1187
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Clinical Periodontology
Volume43
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2016

    Keywords

  • dental implants, edentulous, healthy ageing, maxilla, overdenture, RETROSPECTIVE EVALUATION, PROSPECTIVE MULTICENTER, RETAINED OVERDENTURES, EDENTULOUS PATIENTS, PLANNED MAXILLARY, EUROPEAN WORKSHOP, CONSENSUS REPORT, LONG-TERM, DISEASES, PATIENT

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