Management and outcome of major bleeding in patients receiving vitamin K antagonists for venous thromboembolism

RIETE Investigators, Moustafa, F., Stehouwer, A., Kamphuisen, P., Carles Sahuquillo, J., Samperiz, A., Alfonso, M., Pace, F., Maria Surinach, J., Blanco-Molina, A., Mismetti, P. & Monreal, M., Nov-2018, In : Thrombosis Research. 171, p. 74-80 7 p.

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  • Management and outcome of major bleeding

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  • RIETE Investigators
  • Fares Moustafa
  • Alexander Stehouwer
  • Pieter Kamphuisen
  • Joan Carles Sahuquillo
  • Angel Samperiz
  • Maria Alfonso
  • Federica Pace
  • Jose Maria Surinach
  • Angeles Blanco-Molina
  • Patrick Mismetti
  • Manuel Monreal

Background: The optimal management of major bleeding in patients receiving vitamin K antagonists (VKA) for venous thromboembolism (VTE) is unclear.

Methods: We used the RIETE (Registro Informatizado Enfermedad TromboEmbolica) registry to assess the management and 30-day outcomes after major bleeding in patients receiving VKA for VTE.

Results: From January 2013 to December 2017, 267 of 18,416 patients (1.4%) receiving long-term VKA for VTE had a major bleeding (in the gastrointestinal tract 78, intracranial 72, hematoma 50, genitourinary 20, other 47). Overall, 151 patients (57%) received blood transfusion; 110 (41%) vitamin K; 37 (14%) fresh frozen plasma; 29 (11%) pro-haemostatic agents and 20 (7.5%) a vena cava filter. During the first 30 days, 59 patients (22%) died (41 died of bleeding) and 13 (4.9%) had a thrombosis. On multivariable analysis, patients with intracranial bleeding (hazard ratio [HR]: 4.58; 95% CI: 2.40-8.72) and those with renal insufficiency at baseline (HR: 2.73; 95% CI: 1.45-5.15) had an increased mortality risk, whereas those receiving vitamin K had a lower risk (HR: 0.47; 0.24-0.92). On the other hand, patients receiving fresh frozen plasma were at increased risk for thrombotic events (HR: 4.22; 95% CI: 1.25-14.3).

Conclusions: Major bleeding in VTE patients receiving VKA carries a high mortality rate. Intracranial bleeding and renal insufficiency increased the risk. Fresh frozen plasma seems to increase this risk for recurrent VTE.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-80
Number of pages7
JournalThrombosis Research
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2018



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