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Low but contrasting neutral genetic differentiation shaped by winter temperature in European great tits

Lemoine, M., Lucek, K., Perrier, C., Saladin, V., Adriaensen, F., Barba, E., Belda, E. J., Charmantier, A., Cichon, M., Eeva, T., Gregoire, A., Hinde, C. A., Johnsen, A., Komdeur, J., Mand, R., Matthysen, E., Norte, A. C., Pitala, N., Sheldon, B. C., Slagsvold, T., Tinbergen, J. M., Torok, J., Ubels, R., Van Oers, K., Visser, M. E., Doligez, B. & Richner, H., Jul-2016, In : Biological Journal of the Linnean Society. 118, 3, p. 668-685 18 p.

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  • Low but contrasting neutral genetic differentiation shaped by winter temperature

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DOI

  • Melissa Lemoine
  • Kay Lucek
  • Charles Perrier
  • Verena Saladin
  • Frank Adriaensen
  • Emilio Barba
  • Eduardo J. Belda
  • Anne Charmantier
  • Mariusz Cichon
  • Tapio Eeva
  • Arnaud Gregoire
  • Camilla A. Hinde
  • Arild Johnsen
  • Jan Komdeur
  • Raivo Mand
  • Erik Matthysen
  • Ana Claudia Norte
  • Natalia Pitala
  • Ben C. Sheldon
  • Tore Slagsvold
  • Joost M. Tinbergen
  • Janos Torok
  • Richard Ubels
  • Kees Van Oers
  • Marcel E. Visser
  • Blandine Doligez
  • Heinz Richner

Gene flow is usually thought to reduce genetic divergence and impede local adaptation by homogenising gene pools between populations. However, evidence for local adaptation and phenotypic differentiation in highly mobile species, experiencing high levels of gene flow, is emerging. Assessing population genetic structure at different spatial scales is thus a crucial step towards understanding mechanisms underlying intraspecific differentiation and diversification. Here, we studied the population genetic structure of a highly mobile species - the great tit Parus major - at different spatial scales. We analysed 884 individuals from 30 sites across Europe including 10 close-by sites (<50 km), using 22 microsatellite markers. Overall we found a low but significant genetic differentiation among sites (F-ST = 0.008). Genetic differentiation was higher, and genetic diversity lower, in south-western Europe. These regional differences were statistically best explained by winter temperature. Overall, our results suggest that great tits form a single patchy metapopulation across Europe, in which genetic differentiation is independent of geographical distance and gene flow may be regulated by environmental factors via movements related to winter severity. This might have important implications for the evolutionary trajectories of sub-populations, especially in the context of climate change, and calls for future investigations of local differences in costs and benefits of philopatry at large scales. (C) 2016 The Linnean Society of London

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)668-685
Number of pages18
JournalBiological Journal of the Linnean Society
Volume118
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2016

    Keywords

  • F-statistics, isolation-by-distance, latitude, microsatellites, Parus major, Population genetic structure, winter severity, WILD BIRD POPULATION, PARUS-MAJOR, LOCAL ADAPTATION, CLIMATE-CHANGE, RE-IMPLEMENTATION, PARTIAL MIGRATION, NATAL DISPERSAL, FLOW, SELECTION, SOFTWARE
Related Datasets
  1. Data from: Low but contrasting neutral genetic differentiation shaped by winter temperature in European great tits

    Lemoine, M. (Creator), Lucek, K. (Creator), Perrier, C. (Creator), Saladin, V. (Creator), Adriaensen, F. (Creator), Barba, E. (Creator), Belda, E. J. (Creator), Charmantier, A. (Creator), Cichon, M. (Creator), Eeva, T. (Creator), Gregoire, A. (Creator), Hinde, C. A. (Creator), Johnsen, A. (Creator), Komdeur, J. (Creator), Mänd, R. (Creator), Matthysen, E. (Creator), Norte, A. C. (Creator), Pitala, N. (Creator), Sheldon, B. C. (Creator), Slagsvold, T. (Creator), Tinbergen, J. (Creator), Torok, J. (Creator), Ubels, R. (Creator), van Oers, K. (Creator), Visser, M. (Creator), Doligez, B. (Creator), Richner, H. (Creator), University of Groningen, 9-Dec-2015

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ID: 36668523