Loss-of-function variants in HOPS complex genes VPS16 and VPS41 cause early-onset dystonia associated with lysosomal abnormalitiesGenomics England Research Consortium, Steel, D., Zech, M., Zhao, C., Barwick, K. E., Burke, D., Demailly, D., Kumar, K. R., Zorzi, G., Nardocci, N., Kaiyrzhanov, R., Wagner, M., Iuso, A., Berutti, R., Škorvánek, M., Necpál, J., Davis, R., Wiethoff, S., Mankad, K., Sudhakar, S., Ferrini, A., Sharma, S., Kamsteeg, E-J., Tijssen, M. A., Verschuuren, C., van Egmond, M. E., Flowers, J. M., McEntagart, M., Tucci, A., Coubes, P., Bustos, B. I., Gonzalez-Latapi, P., Tisch, S., Darveniza, P., Gorman, K. M., Peall, K. J., Bötzel, K., Koch, J. C., Kmieć, T., Plecko, B., Boesch, S., Haslinger, B., Jech, R., Garavaglia, B., Wood, N., Houlden, H., Gissen, P., Lubbe, S. J., Sue, C. M., Cif, L. & Mencacci, N. E., 18-Aug-2020, In : Annals of Neurology. 88, 5, p. 867-877 11 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Objectives: The majority of people with suspected genetic dystonia remain undiagnosed after maximal investigation, implying that a number of causative genes have not yet been recognized. We aimed to investigate this paucity of diagnoses. Methods: We undertook weighted burden analysis of whole-exome sequencing (WES) data from 138 individuals with unresolved generalized dystonia of suspected genetic etiology, followed by additional case-finding from international databases, first for the gene implicated by the burden analysis (VPS16), and then for other functionally related genes. Electron microscopy was performed on patient-derived cells. Results: Analysis revealed a significant burden for VPS16 (Fisher's exact test p value, 6.9 × 109). VPS16 encodes a subunit of the homotypic fusion and vacuole protein sorting (HOPS) complex, which plays a key role in autophagosome-lysosome fusion. A total of 18 individuals harboring heterozygous loss-of-function VPS16 variants, and one with a microdeletion, were identified. These individuals experienced early onset progressive dystonia with predominant cervical, bulbar, orofacial, and upper limb involvement. Some patients had a more complex phenotype with additional neuropsychiatric and/or developmental comorbidities. We also identified biallelic loss-of-function variants in VPS41, another HOPS-complex encoding gene, in an individual with infantile-onset generalized dystonia. Electron microscopy of patient-derived lymphocytes and fibroblasts from both patients with VPS16 and VPS41 showed vacuolar abnormalities suggestive of impaired lysosomal function. Interpretation: Our study strongly supports a role for HOPS complex dysfunction in the pathogenesis of dystonia, although variants in different subunits display different phenotypic and inheritance characteristics. ANN NEUROL 2020;88:867–877.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Annals of Neurology|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 18-Aug-2020|