Long-term environmental modifications affect BDNF concentrations in rat hippocampus, but not in serumGiacobbo, B. L., de Freitas, B. S., Vedovelli, K., Schlemmer, L. M., Pires, V. N., Antoniazzi, V., dos Santos, C. D. S., Paludo, L., Borges, J. V., de Lima, D. B., Schroder, N., de Vries, E. F. J. & Bromberg, E., 17-Oct-2019, In : Behavioural Brain Research. 372, 9 p., 111965.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
The role of mBDNF on the beneficial effects of cognitive stimulation on the brain remains controversial, as well as the potential of peripheral mBDNF as a biomarker of environmental effects on its central status. We investigated the effect of different environmental conditions on recognition memory, proBDNF, mBDNF and synaptophysin levels in the hippocampus, and on mBDNF levels in blood. Male Wistar rats (6 and 17 months-old) were assigned to cognitively enriched (EE), standard (SE) and impoverished (IE) environmental conditions for twelve weeks. Novel object recognition was performed at week 10. When the animals were 9 and 20-months old, hippocampus was collected for mBDNF, proBDNF and synaptophysin analysis; serum was analyzed for mBDNF levels. The cognitively EE improved recognition memory, resulted in a trend to increased hippocampal mBDNF and augmented synaptophysin levels. Accordingly, hippocampal mBDNF, proBDNF and synaptophysin were significantly higher in EE than IE animals. Hippocampal mBDNF was positively correlated to proBDNF, cellular and behavioral plasticity markers. No effect of age was seen on the studied variables. Moreover, no significant effects of EE or IE on serum mBDNF were observed. Serum mBDNF also failed to correlate with hippocampal mBDNF, proBDNF and with the cellular and behavioral plasticity markers. These findings indicate that mBDNF is involved in neuronal and behavioral plasticity mechanisms induced by cognitively enriched environments, and that peripheral mBDNF may not always be a reliable biomarker of the effects of environmental settings on central mBDNF and plasticity, which is of special interest from a translational research perspective.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Behavioural Brain Research|
|Publication status||Published - 17-Oct-2019|
- BDNF, Environmental enrichment, Hippocampus, serum, Social isolation, proBDNF, DEPRESSION-LIKE BEHAVIORS, NEUROTROPHIC FACTOR BDNF, RECOGNITION MEMORY, SOCIAL-ISOLATION, DENTATE GYRUS, OBJECT RECOGNITION, BRAIN, ENRICHMENT, PROBDNF, EXPRESSION