Publication

Literature practices: processes leading up to a citation

Klitzing, N. F., Hoekstra, R. & Strijbos, J. W., 14-Jan-2019, In : Journal of documentation. 75, 1, p. 62-77 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Purpose
Literature practices represent the process leading up to the citation of a source, and consist of the selection, reading and citing of sources. The purpose of this paper is to explore possible factors that might influence researchers during this process and discover possible consequences of researchers’ citation behaviours.

Design/methodology/approach
In this exploratory study, various factors which could influence literature practices were explored via a questionnaire amongst 112 researchers. Participants were first authors of articles published in 2016 in one of five different journals within the disciplines of experimental psychology, educational sciences and social psychology. Academic positions of the participants ranged from PhD student to full professor.

Findings
Frequencies and percentages showed that researchers seemed to be influenced in their literature practices by various factors, such as editors suggesting articles and motivation to cite. Additionally, a high percentage of researchers reported taking shortcuts when citing articles (e.g. using secondary citations and reading selectively). Logistic regression did not reveal a clear relationship between academic work experience and research practices.

Practical implications
Seeing that researchers seem to be influenced by a variety of factors in their literature practices, the scientific community might benefit from better citation practices and guidelines in order to provide more structure to the process of literature practices.

Originality/value
This paper provides first insights into researchers’ literature practices. Possible reasons for problems with citation accuracy and replicating research findings are highlighted. Opportunities for further research on the topic of citation behaviours are presented.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)62-77
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of documentation
Volume75
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 14-Jan-2019

    Keywords

  • REFERENCE ACCURACY, QUOTATION

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