Lipid peroxidation is involved in calcium dependent upregulation of mitochondrial metabolism in skeletal muscle

Al-Menhali, A. S., Banu, S., Angelova, P. R., Barcaru, A., Horvatovich, P., Abramov, A. Y. & Jaganjac, M., 14-Nov-2019, In : Biochimica et Biophysica Acta %28BBA%29 - General Subjects. 1864, 3, p. 129487

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Copy link to clipboard


  • Lipid peroxidation is involved in calcium dependent upregulation ofmitochondrial metabolism in skeletal muscle

    Final publisher's version, 2 MB, PDF document

    Request copy


BACKGROUND: Skeletal muscle cells continuously generate reactive oxygen species (ROS). Excessive ROS can affect lipids resulting in lipid peroxidation (LPO). Here we investigated the effects of myotube intracellular calcium-induced signaling eliciting contractions on the LPO induction and the impact of LPO-product 4-hydroxynonenal (4-HNE) on physiology/pathology of myotubes using C2C12 myoblasts.

METHODS: C2C12 myoblasts were differentiated into myotubes, stimulated with caffeine and analyzed for the induction of LPO and formation of 4-HNE protein adducts. Further effects of 4-HNE on mitochondrial bioenergetics, NADH level, mitochondrial density and expression of mitochondrial metabolism genes were determined.

RESULTS: Short and long-term caffeine stimulation of myotubes promoted superoxide production, LPO and formation of 4-HNE protein adducts. Furthermore, low 4-HNE concentrations had no effect on myotube viability and cellular redox homeostasis, while concentrations from 10 μM and above reduced myotube viability and significantly disrupted homeostasis. A time and dose-dependent 4-HNE effect on superoxide production and mitochondrial NADH-autofluorescence was observed. Finally, 4-HNE had strong impact on maximal respiration, spare respiratory capacity, ATP production, coupling efficiency of mitochondria and mitochondrial density.

CONCLUSION: Data presented in this work make evident for the first time that pathological 4-HNE levels elicit damaging effects on skeletal muscle cells while acute exposure to physiological 4-HNE induces transient adaptation.

GENERAL SIGNIFICANCE: This work suggests an important role of 4-HNE on the regulation of myotube's mitochondrial metabolism and cellular energy production. It further signifies the importance of skeletal muscle cells hormesis in response to acute stress in order to maintain essential biological functions.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)129487
JournalBiochimica et Biophysica Acta %28BBA%29 - General Subjects
Issue number3
Early online date14-Nov-2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 14-Nov-2019

View graph of relations

ID: 103296470