Likely questionnaire-diagnosed food allergy in 78, 890 adults from the northern NetherlandsWesterlaken-van Ginkel, C. D., Vonk, J. M., Flokstra-de Blok, B. M. J., Sprikkelman, A. B., Koppelman, G. H. & Dubois, A. E. J., 13-May-2020, In : PLoS ONE. 15, 5, 18 p., 0231818.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
It is challenging to define likely food allergy (FA) in large populations which limited the number of large studies regarding risk factors for FA.
We studied the prevalence and characteristics of self-reported FA (s-rFA) in the large, population-based Dutch Lifelines cohort and identified associated risk factors.
Likely food allergic cases (LikelyFA) were classified based on questionnaire reported characteristics consistent with FA. Subjects with atypical characteristics were classified as Indeterminate. We investigated 13 potential risk factors for LikelyFA such as birth mode and living on a farm and addressed health-related quality of life (H-RQOL).
Of the 78, 890 subjects, 12.1% had s-rFA of which 4.0% and 8.1% were classified as LikelyFA and Indeterminate, respectively. Younger age, female sex, asthma, eczema and nasal allergy increased the risk of LikelyFA (p-value range
The prevalence of s-rFA among adults is considerable and one-third reports characteristics consistent with LikelyFA. Living on a farm decreased the risk of LikelyFA. The association of poorer H-RQOL as well as depression and burn-out with questionable self-perceived FA is striking and a priority for future study.
|Number of pages||18|
|Publication status||Published - 13-May-2020|
- QUALITY-OF-LIFE, HEALTH SURVEY, DOUBLE-BLIND, ADOLESCENTS, PREVALENCE, MANAGEMENT, POPULATION, CHALLENGES, GUIDELINES, CHILDHOOD