Light-controlled inhibition of BRAFV600E kinaseHoorens, M. W. H., Ourailidou, M. E., Rodat, T., van der Wouden, P. E., Kobauri, P., Kriegs, M., Peifer, C., Feringa, B. L., Dekker, F. J. & Szymanski, W., 1-Oct-2019, In : European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 179, p. 133-146 14 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Metastatic melanoma is amongst the most difficult types of cancer to treat, with current therapies mainly relying on the inhibition of the BRAFV600E mutant kinase. However, systemic inhibition of BRAF by small molecule drugs in cancer patients results - paradoxically - in increased wild-type BRAF activity in healthy tissue, causing side-effects and even the formation of new tumors. Here we show the development of BRAFV600E kinase inhibitors of which the activity can be switched on and off reversibly with light, offering the possibility to overcome problems of systemic drug activity by selectively activating the drug at the desired site of action. Based on a known inhibitor, eight photoswitchable effectors containing an azobenzene photoswitch were designed, synthesized and evaluated. The most promising inhibitor showed an approximately 10-fold increase in activity upon light-activation. This research offers inspiration for the development of therapies for metastatic melanoma in which tumor tissue is treated with an active BRAFV600E inhibitor with high spatial and temporal resolution, thus limiting the damage to other tissues.
|Number of pages||14|
|Journal||European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry|
|Publication status||Published - 1-Oct-2019|