Publication

Life-history traits of the Whiting polyploid line of the parasitoid Nasonia vitripennis

Leung, K., van de Zande, L. & Beukeboom, L. W., 17-Jul-2019, In : Entomologia Experimentalis et Applicata. 167, 7, p. 655-669 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

In hymenopterans, males are normally haploid (1n) and females diploid (2n), but individuals with divergent ploidy levels are frequently found. In species with 'complementary sex determination' (CSD), increasing numbers of diploid males that are often infertile or unviable arise from inbreeding, presenting a major impediment to biocontrol breeding. Non-CSD species, which are common in some parasitoid wasp taxa, do not produce polyploids through inbreeding. Nevertheless, polyploidy also occurs in non-CSD Hymenoptera. As a first survey on the impacts of inbreeding and polyploidy of non-CSD species, we investigate life-history traits of a long-term laboratory line of the parasitoid Nasonia vitripennis (Walker) (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae) ('Whiting polyploid line') in which polyploids of both sexes (diploid males, triploid females) are viable and fertile. Diploid males produce diploid sperm and virgin triploid females produce haploid and diploid eggs. We found that diploid males did not differ from haploid males with respect to body size, progeny size, mate competition, or lifespan. When diploid males were mated to many females (without accounting for mating order), the females produced a relatively high proportion of male offspring, possibly indicating that these males produce less sperm and/or have reduced sperm functionality. In triploid females, parasitization rate and fecundity were reduced and body size was slightly increased, but there was no effect on lifespan. After one generation of outbreeding, lifespan as well as parasitization rate were increased, and a body size difference was no longer apparent. This suggests that outbreeding has an effect on traits observed in an inbred polyploidy background. Overall, these results indicate some phenotypic detriments of non-CSD polyploids that must be taken into account in breeding.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)655-669
Number of pages15
JournalEntomologia Experimentalis et Applicata
Volume167
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 17-Jul-2019

    Keywords

  • diploid male, triploid female, fitness, body size, parasitization rate, mate competition, biocontrol, Hymenoptera, Pteromalidae, COMPLEMENTARY SEX DETERMINATION, BIOLOGICAL-CONTROL, MUSCIDIFURAX-RAPTORELLUS, HAPLOID MALES, DIPLOID MALES, WASP, HYMENOPTERA, PTEROMALIDAE, EVOLUTION, SIZE

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