Publication

Life story books for people with dementia: A systematic review

Elfrink, T. R., Zuidema, S. U., Kunz, M. & Westerhof, G. J., Dec-2018, In : International Psychogeriatrics. 30, 12, p. 1797-1811 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Objectives: There is an increasing evidence that reminiscence therapy is effective in improving cognitive functions and reducing depressive symptoms in people with dementia. Life story books (LSBs) are frequently used as a reminiscence tool to support recollecting autobiographical memories. As little is known about how LSBs are used and what type of studies have been employed to evaluate LSB interventions, we conducted a systematic review.

Methods: The electronic databases Scopus, PubMed, and PsychINFO as well as reference lists of existing studies were searched to select eligible articles. Out of the 55 studies found, 14 met the inclusion criterion of an original empirical study on LSBs in people with dementia.

Results: The majority of the LSBs were tangible books, although some digital applications were also found. The LSBs were created mostly in individual sessions in nursing homes with a median of six sessions. Some studies only focused on the person with dementia, while others also examined (in)formal caregivers. Most studies used qualitative interviews, case studies, and/or (pilot) randomized controlled trial (RCTs) with small sample sizes. Qualitative findings showed the value of LSBs in triggering memories and in improving the relation with the person with dementia. Quantitative effects were found on, e.g. autobiographical memory and depression of persons with dementia, quality of relationship with informal caregivers, burden of informal caregivers, and on attitudes and knowledge of formal caregivers.

Conclusions: This systematic review confirms that the use of LSBs to support reminiscence and person-centered care is promising, but larger RCTs or implementation studies are needed to establish the effects of LSBs on people with dementia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1797-1811
Number of pages15
JournalInternational Psychogeriatrics
Volume30
Issue number12
Early online date18-Jul-2018
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2018

    Keywords

  • life story book, reminiscence, dementia, systematic review, person-centered care, caregivers, REMINISCENCE THERAPY, DYADIC INTERVENTION, SYMPTOMS, CARE, METAANALYSIS, QUALITY

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