Publication

Leukocyte depletion results in improved lung function and reduced inflammatory response after cardiac surgery

Gu, YJ., Boonstra, PW. & vanOeveren, W., Aug-1996, In : JOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY. 112, 2, p. 494-500 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • YJ Gu
  • PW Boonstra
  • W vanOeveren

Leukocyte depletion during cardiopulmonary bypass has been demonstrated in animal experiments to improve pulmonary function, Conflicting results have been reported, however, with clinical depletion by arterial line filter of leukocytes at the beginning of cardiopulmonary bypass. In this study, we examined whether leukocyte depletion from the residual heart-lung machine blood at the end of cardiopulmonary bypass would improve lung function and reduce the postoperative inflammatory response. Thirty patients undergoing elective heart operations were randomly allocated to a leukocyte-depletion group or a control group. In the leukocyte-depletion group (n = 20), all residual blood (1.2 to 2.1 L) was filtered by leukocyte-removal filters and reinfused after cardiopulmonary bypass, whereas in the control group an identical amount of residual blood after cardiopulmonary bypass was reinfused without filtration (n = 10). Leukocyte depletion removed more than 97% of leukocytes from the retransfused blood (p <0.01) and significantly reduced circulating leukocytes (p <0.05) and granulocytes (p <0.05) compared with the control group. Levels of the inflammatory mediator thromboxane B-2 determined at the end of operation (p <0.05) were significantly lower in the depletion group than in the control group, whereas no statistical differences in interleukin-6 levels were found between the two groups. After operation, pulmonary gas exchange function (arterial oxygen tension at a fraction of inspired oxygen of 0.4) was significantly higher in the leukocyte-depletion group 1 hour after arrival to the intensive care unit (p <0.05) and after extubation (p <0.05). There were no statistical differences between the two groups with respect to postoperative circulating platelet levels and blood loss, and no infections were observed during the whole period of hospitalization. These results suggest that leukocyte depletion of the residual heart-lung machine blood improves postoperative lung gas exchange function and is safe for patients who are expected to have a severe inflammatory response after heart operations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)494-500
Number of pages7
JournalJOURNAL OF THORACIC AND CARDIOVASCULAR SURGERY
Volume112
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Aug-1996

    Keywords

  • ADHESION MOLECULE EXPRESSION, OPEN-HEART-SURGERY, CARDIOPULMONARY BYPASS, REPERFUSION INJURY, PLATELET DEPOSITION, MYOCARDIAL-ISCHEMIA, TRANSFUSION, BLOOD, PREVENTION, FILTRATION

ID: 6475722