Lactose contaminant as steroid degradation enhancerNieuwmeyer, F., Maarschalk, K. V. D. V. & Vromans, H., Nov-2008, In : Pharmaceutical Research. 25, 11, p. 2666-2673 8 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Purpose. By pharmaceutical processes and in the presence of solid excipients physical-chemical changes are known to occur, leading to increased rate of chemical degradation. The purpose of this work was to determine the critical aspects in the stability of a steroid in the presence of a commonly used excipient, lactose.
Methods. A steroid was either mixed or wet granulated with lactose with different particle size.
Results. Small lactose particles lead to a higher degree of degradation. Degradation was enhanced under warm humid conditions although the presence of water alone could not account for this effect. Lactose-phosphate, a known intrinsic contaminant in lactose is demonstrated to enhance the degradation of the steroid. Stability was improved in high purity lactose and deteriorated upon extra addition of phosphates. Since the exposure to the contaminant is a function of the surface area of the lactose, particle size differences of the excipient have a clear consequence. High shear granulated lactose granules exhibit a heterogeneous composition; large granules consist of small primary particles and vice versa. It is shown that the large granules, composed of the small primary lactose particles reveal the highest degree of degradation. Granule composition dictates the stability profile of the granules.
Conclusion. The lactose contaminant and grandule composition dictates the stability profile of the granules and mixtures.
|Number of pages||8|
|Publication status||Published - Nov-2008|
- degradation, lactose, particle surface, phosphate, steroid, HIGH-SHEAR GRANULATION, SOLID-STATE STABILITY, PHARMACEUTICAL EXCIPIENTS, CHEMICAL-STABILITY, DOSAGE FORMS, FORMULATIONS, MOISTURE, PHOSPHATE, DECOMPOSITION, CRYSTALLINE