Kinematics of the SN Refsdal host revealed by MUSE: a regularly rotating spiral galaxy at z ≃ 1.5

Di Teodoro, E. M., Grillo, C., Fraternali, F., Gobat, R., Karman, W., Mercurio, A., Rosati, P., Balestra, I., Caminha, G. B., Caputi, K. I., Lombardi, M., Suyu, S. H., Treu, T. & Vanzella, E., 1-May-2018, In : Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society. 476, 1, p. 804-813

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • E. M. Di Teodoro
  • C. Grillo
  • F. Fraternali
  • R. Gobat
  • W. Karman
  • A. Mercurio
  • P. Rosati
  • I. Balestra
  • G. B. Caminha
  • K. I. Caputi
  • M. Lombardi
  • S. H. Suyu
  • T. Treu
  • E. Vanzella
We use Multi Unit Spectroscopic Explorer (MUSE) observations of the galaxy cluster MACS J1149.5+2223 to explore the kinematics of the grand-design spiral galaxy (Sp1149) hosting the SN "Refsdal". Sp1149 lies at z ≃ 1.49, has a stellar mass M* ≃ 5 × 109 M⊙, a star-formation rate SFR ˜eq 1-6 {M_⊙ yr}^{-1} and represents a likely progenitor of a Milky-Way-like galaxy. All the four multiple images of Sp1149 in our data show strong [O II]-line emissions pointing to a clear rotation pattern. We take advantage of the gravitational lensing magnification effect (≃ 4 ×) on the [O II] emission of the least distorted image to fit 3D kinematic models to the MUSE data-cube and derive the rotation curve and the velocity dispersion profile of Sp1149. We find that the rotation curve steeply rises, peaks at R ≃ 1 kpc and then (initially) declines and flattens to an average {V_flat}= 128^{+29}_{-19} km/s. The shape of the rotation curve is well determined but the actual value of Vflat is quite uncertain because of the nearly face-on configuration of the galaxy. The intrinsic velocity dispersion due to gas turbulence is almost constant across the entire disc with an average of 27 ± 5 km/s. This value is consistent with z = 0 measurements in the ionized gas component and a factor 2-4 lower than other estimates in different galaxies at similar redshifts. The average stellar-to-total mass fraction is of the order of one fifth. Our kinematic analysis returns the picture of a regular star-forming, mildly turbulent, rotation-dominated (V/σ ≃ 5) spiral galaxy in a 4 Gyr old Universe.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)804-813
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
Early online date29-Jan-2018
Publication statusPublished - 1-May-2018


  • galaxies: kinematics and dynamics, galaxies: high-redshift, gravitational lensing: strong, galaxies: clusters: individual: MACS J1149.5+2223

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