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Keratinocyte footprint assay discriminates antilaminin-332 pemphigoid from all other forms of pemphigoid diseases

Giurdanella, F., Nijenhuis, A. M., Diercks, G. F. H., Jonkman, M. F. & Pas, H. H., 15-May-2019, In : BRITISH JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY. 9 p.

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Background Antilaminin-332 mucous membrane pemphigoid is a chronic severe pemphigoid disease characterized by autoantibodies to laminin-332. At present no commercial assay is available to demonstrate antilaminin-332 antibodies, and diagnosis relies on in-house techniques with limited sensitivities. Objectives In order to move, keratinocytes cultured in vitro secrete laminin-332 to attach to the culture dish. In that way, they leave behind a unique footprint trail of laminin-332. We aimed to develop a sensitive and specific laboratory assay to determine antilaminin-332 autoantibodies in patient serum based on binding of patient IgG to these unique footprints. Methods Normal human keratinocytes were grown on glass coverslips and incubated with patient or control serum for 1 h. The binding of IgG was then investigated by immunofluorescence. After validating the test for its ability to identify antilaminin-332 autoantibodies it was converted into a daily available test based on binding of IgG to dried coverslips that can be stored frozen. The staining patterns of sera from patients with antilaminin-332 pemphigoid were then compared with those of sera from patients with other autoimmune bullous diseases and normal human sera. Results IgG of all antilaminin-332 pemphigoid sera (n = 16) bound to laminin-332 footprints, while all normal human controls (n = 55) were negative. From the sera of patients with other diseases (n = 72) four sera tested positive. The footprint assay was also positive for sera that were negative by salt-split skin analysis, demonstrating that it is a very sensitive technique. Conclusions The keratinocyte footprint assay is a fast and specific assay to confirm or rule out the presence of antilaminin-332 autoantibodies.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages9
JournalBRITISH JOURNAL OF DERMATOLOGY
Publication statusPublished - 15-May-2019

    Keywords

  • MUCOUS-MEMBRANE, ANTI-LAMININ-332 AUTOANTIBODIES, PARANEOPLASTIC PEMPHIGUS, SUBEPIDERMAL BLISTERS, LUNG-CARCINOMA, LAMININ-5, DIAGNOSIS, SUBUNITS, PATIENT, PROFILE

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