Publication

It's all in the timing: Measuring emotional reactions to stereotype threat before and after taking a test (Retracted article. See vol. 42, pg. 933, 2012)

Marx, D. M. & Stapel, D. A., 2006, In : European Journal of Social Psychology. 36, 5, p. 687-698 12 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Marx, D. M., & Stapel, D. A. (2006). It's all in the timing: Measuring emotional reactions to stereotype threat before and after taking a test (Retracted article. See vol. 42, pg. 933, 2012). European Journal of Social Psychology, 36(5), 687-698. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.310

Author

Marx, David M. ; Stapel, Diederik A. / It's all in the timing : Measuring emotional reactions to stereotype threat before and after taking a test (Retracted article. See vol. 42, pg. 933, 2012). In: European Journal of Social Psychology. 2006 ; Vol. 36, No. 5. pp. 687-698.

Harvard

Marx, DM & Stapel, DA 2006, 'It's all in the timing: Measuring emotional reactions to stereotype threat before and after taking a test (Retracted article. See vol. 42, pg. 933, 2012)', European Journal of Social Psychology, vol. 36, no. 5, pp. 687-698. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.310

Standard

It's all in the timing : Measuring emotional reactions to stereotype threat before and after taking a test (Retracted article. See vol. 42, pg. 933, 2012). / Marx, David M.; Stapel, Diederik A.

In: European Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 36, No. 5, 2006, p. 687-698.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Marx DM, Stapel DA. It's all in the timing: Measuring emotional reactions to stereotype threat before and after taking a test (Retracted article. See vol. 42, pg. 933, 2012). European Journal of Social Psychology. 2006;36(5):687-698. https://doi.org/10.1002/ejsp.310


BibTeX

@article{342a245202b740d4ac621a08e71a9790,
title = "It's all in the timing: Measuring emotional reactions to stereotype threat before and after taking a test (Retracted article. See vol. 42, pg. 933, 2012)",
abstract = "Stereotype threat is often described as resulting from increased anxiety over confirming a negative stereotype about one's group (Steele, 1997). However, variations in the type of emotional reactions targets experience as a function of stereotype threat has never been examined systematically before and after taking a test, thus it is unclear whether targets experience different emotions at different points in the testing session. The present study investigated this issue of emotional specificity. Results demonstrate that targets of a negative stereotype, but not non-targets, experienced heightened anxiety prior to taking a test under stereotype threat conditions and heightened frustration once the test was concluded. No effects were found in the non-stereotype threat conditions. These findings, therefore, highlight the specific affective states that targets and non-targets experience in threat and non-threat conditions, as well as how these affective states can be assessed using self-report measures. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.",
keywords = "WOMENS MATH PERFORMANCE, AFRICAN-AMERICANS, ANXIETY, IDENTITY, AROUSAL",
author = "Marx, {David M.} and Stapel, {Diederik A.}",
year = "2006",
doi = "10.1002/ejsp.310",
language = "English",
volume = "36",
pages = "687--698",
journal = "European Journal of Social Psychology",
issn = "0046-2772",
publisher = "Wiley",
number = "5",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - It's all in the timing

T2 - Measuring emotional reactions to stereotype threat before and after taking a test (Retracted article. See vol. 42, pg. 933, 2012)

AU - Marx, David M.

AU - Stapel, Diederik A.

PY - 2006

Y1 - 2006

N2 - Stereotype threat is often described as resulting from increased anxiety over confirming a negative stereotype about one's group (Steele, 1997). However, variations in the type of emotional reactions targets experience as a function of stereotype threat has never been examined systematically before and after taking a test, thus it is unclear whether targets experience different emotions at different points in the testing session. The present study investigated this issue of emotional specificity. Results demonstrate that targets of a negative stereotype, but not non-targets, experienced heightened anxiety prior to taking a test under stereotype threat conditions and heightened frustration once the test was concluded. No effects were found in the non-stereotype threat conditions. These findings, therefore, highlight the specific affective states that targets and non-targets experience in threat and non-threat conditions, as well as how these affective states can be assessed using self-report measures. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

AB - Stereotype threat is often described as resulting from increased anxiety over confirming a negative stereotype about one's group (Steele, 1997). However, variations in the type of emotional reactions targets experience as a function of stereotype threat has never been examined systematically before and after taking a test, thus it is unclear whether targets experience different emotions at different points in the testing session. The present study investigated this issue of emotional specificity. Results demonstrate that targets of a negative stereotype, but not non-targets, experienced heightened anxiety prior to taking a test under stereotype threat conditions and heightened frustration once the test was concluded. No effects were found in the non-stereotype threat conditions. These findings, therefore, highlight the specific affective states that targets and non-targets experience in threat and non-threat conditions, as well as how these affective states can be assessed using self-report measures. Copyright (c) 2006 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

KW - WOMENS MATH PERFORMANCE

KW - AFRICAN-AMERICANS

KW - ANXIETY

KW - IDENTITY

KW - AROUSAL

U2 - 10.1002/ejsp.310

DO - 10.1002/ejsp.310

M3 - Article

VL - 36

SP - 687

EP - 698

JO - European Journal of Social Psychology

JF - European Journal of Social Psychology

SN - 0046-2772

IS - 5

ER -

ID: 4480085