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Isotopic characterisation of CO2 sources during regional pollution events using isotopic and radiocarbon analysis

Zondervan, A. & Meijer, HAJ., Sep-1996, In : Tellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology. 48, 4, p. 601-612 12 p.

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At the station Kollumerwaard (The Netherlands), for monitoring tracers in the troposphere, air is sampled in 16 containers for off-line C-13, O-18 and C-14 isotopic analysis of CO2. The timing of the sampling is chosen such that CO2 variations correlating with pollutants like CO and CH4 are optimally covered. The C-14 measurements enable us to discriminate between biospheric and fossil fuel contributions to atmospheric CO2. The analysis of one series sampled on 23 November 1994 resolves the increased CO2 mi-ring ratio into a purely biospheric component with a delta(13)C of (-22.2+/-1.5)parts per thousand, and a fossil component of up to 35 ppm with a delta(13)C of (-34.1+/-1.6)parts per thousand. Another series, recorded on 2 and 3 February 1995, shows a nearby emission of fossil CO2 methane and carbon monoxide, most likely due to the flaring of natural gas. Both events clearly indicate the importance of natural gas consumption in or in the vicinity of Holland. These experimental values can be compared with estimates of CO2 emissions from combustion of fossil fuels and the corresponding delta(13)C values. The results for O-18 show the pronounced difference in behaviour between the O and C isotopes in atmospheric CO2 due to the fast isotopic exchange processes with (plant, soil or ocean) water. As a side result, the method produces the ratio CO: fossil CO2, a direct measure for combustion quality on a regional scale.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-612
Number of pages12
JournalTellus. Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology
Volume48
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - Sep-1996
EventSymposium on the Breathing of the Earth - Observational Constraints for Models of the Terrestrial Biosphere, at the IUGG XXI General Assembly - , Colombia
Duration: 2-Jul-199514-Jul-1995

Event

Symposium on the Breathing of the Earth - Observational Constraints for Models of the Terrestrial Biosphere, at the IUGG XXI General Assembly

02/07/199514/07/1995

Colombia

Event: Other

    Keywords

  • ATMOSPHERIC CARBON-DIOXIDE, C-14, GRONINGEN, OXYGEN

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