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Is the coronary artery calcium score associated with acute coronary events in breast cancer patients treated with radiotherapy?

Roos, C. T. G., van den Bogaard, V. A. B., Greuter, M. J. W., Vliegenthart, R., Schuit, E., Langendijk, J. A., van der Schaaf, A., Crijns, A. P. G. & Maduro, J. H., Jan-2018, In : Radiotherapy and Oncology. 126, 1, p. 170-176 7 p.

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  • Is the coronary artery calcium score associated with acute coronary events in breast cancer patients treated

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DOI

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: The main objective of this study was to test whether pre-treatment coronary artery calcium (CAC) was associated with the cumulative incidence of acute coronary events (ACE) among breast cancer (BC) patients treated with postoperative radiotherapy (RT).

MATERIAL AND METHODS: The study population consisted of 939 consecutive female BC patients treated with RT. The association between CAC and ACE was tested using Cox-proportional hazard models. Known risk factors for ACE and the mean heart dose (MHD), collected from three-dimensional computed tomography planning data, were tested for confounding.

RESULTS: CAC scores varied from 0 to 2,859 (mean 27.3). The 9-year cumulative incidence of ACE was 3.2%, this was significantly associated with the pre-treatment CAC score. After correction for confounders, age, history of ischemic heart disease, diabetes, Body Mass Index ≥30, MHD, hypercholesterolemia and hypertension, the hazard ratio for ACE for the low and the combined intermediate and high CAC score category were 1.42 (95%CI: 0.49-4.17; p = 0.519) and 4.95 (95%CI: 1.69-14.53; p = 0.004) respectively, compared to the CAC zero category.

CONCLUSIONS: High pre-treatment CAC is associated with ACE in BC patients treated with postoperative RT, even after correction for confounding factors such as MHD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)170-176
Number of pages7
JournalRadiotherapy and Oncology
Volume126
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2018
Event15th International Wolfsberg Meeting on Molecular Radiation Biology/Oncology - , Switzerland
Duration: 17-Jun-201719-Jun-2017

Event

15th International Wolfsberg Meeting on Molecular Radiation Biology/Oncology

17/06/201719/06/2017

Switzerland

Event: Conference

    Keywords

  • Coronary artery calcium, Breast cancer, Cardiac toxicity, COMPUTED-TOMOGRAPHY, HEART-DISEASE, IRRADIATION TECHNIQUES, ADJUVANT RADIOTHERAPY, RADIATION-THERAPY, RISK, PROTON, COHORT, WOMEN, CT

ID: 49737998