Is sensitivity to daily stress predictive of onset or persistence of psychopathology?Vaessen, T., van Nierop, M., Decoster, J., Delespaul, P., Derom, C., de Hert, M., Jacobs, N., Menne-Lothmann, C., Rutten, B., Thiery, E., van Os, J., van Winkel, R., Wichers, M. & Myin-Germeys, I., Sep-2017, In : European Psychiatry. 45, p. 167-173 7 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Purpose: The aim of the current study was to replicate findings in adults indicating that higher sensitivity to stressful events is predictive of both onset and persistence of psychopathological symptoms in a sample of adolescents and young adults. In addition, we tested the hypothesis that sensitivity to mild stressors in particular is predictive of the developmental course of psychopathology.
Methods: We analyzed experience sampling and questionnaire data collected at baseline and one-year follow-up of 445 adolescent and young adult twins and non-twin siblings (age range: 15-34). Linear multilevel regression was used for the replication analyses. To test if affective sensitivity to mild stressors in particular was associated with follow-up symptoms, we used a categorical approach adding variables on affective sensitivity to mild, moderate and severe daily stressors to the model.
Results: Linear analyses showed that emotional stress reactivity was not associated with onset (β = .02; P = .56) or persistence (β = −.01; P = .78) of symptoms. There was a significant effect of baseline symptom score (β = .53; P < .001) and average negative affect (NA: β = .19; P < .001) on follow-up symptoms. Using the categorical approach, we found that affective sensitivity to mild (β = .25; P < .001), but not moderate (β = −.03; P = .65) or severe (β = −.06; P = .42), stressors was associated with symptom persistence one year later.
Discussion: We were unable to replicate previous findings relating stress sensitivity linearly to symptom onset or persistence in a younger sample. Whereas sensitivity to more severe stressors may reflect adaptive coping, high sensitivity to the mildest of daily stressors may indicate an increased risk for psychopathology.
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||Published - Sep-2017|
- Experience sampling method, Stress reactivity, Epidemiology, Prospective, Longitudinal, DAILY-LIFE STRESS, EXPERIENCE SAMPLING RESEARCH, EMOTIONAL REACTIVITY, PSYCHOTIC EXPERIENCES, PSYCHOSOCIAL STRESS, AFFECTIVE-DISORDER, SALIVARY CORTISOL, NEGATIVE AFFECT, GENETIC RISK, INDIVIDUALS