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Is remaining intervertebral disc tissue interfering with bone generation during fusion of two vertebrae?

Peeters, C. M. M., Oterdoom, D. L. M., Bulstra, S. K., Veldhuizen, A. G. & Kuijer, R., 25-Apr-2019, In : PLoS ONE. 14, 4, 10 p., e0215536.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

STUDY DESIGN: laboratory research.

BACKGROUND: Through the increasing number of minimally invasive procedures in spinal fusion surgery, the complete removal of intervertebral disc (IVD) tissue has become more a challenge. Remaining IVD may interfere with the biological process of bone formation.

OBJECTIVE: In order to establish whether complete removal of IVD tissue will improve or inhibit the fusion process, the effects of different concentrations of extracts of inflamed disc tissue on the mitochondrial activity of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs), and the capacity to mineralize their extracellular matrix by osteoblasts and differentiated MSCs were tested in vitro.

METHODS: A MTT assay was conducted to measure the mitochondrial activity of MSCs, and an Alizarin Red S staining quantification assay to measure the deposition of calcium by osteoblasts and differentiated, bone marrow-derived MSCs.

RESULTS: A significantly higher mitochondrial activity was shown in MSCs co-cultured with extracts of IVD tissue (10%, 50%, and 100%) compared with the control group after 48 hours of incubation, indicating that the IVD tissue extracts stimulated the mitochondrial activity of MSCs. This effect appeared to be inversely proportional to the concentration of IVD tissue extract. No significant differences in mineralization by human osteoblasts or differentiated MSCs were found between the samples incubated with IVD tissue extracts (3% and 33%) and the control samples.

CONCLUSION: Our findings indicate that remaining IVD tissue has more of a stimulating than inhibiting effect on the activity of MSCs. Even if inflammatory cytokines are produced, these do not result in a net inhibition of cellular activity or osteogenic differentiation of MSCs.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0215536
Number of pages10
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume14
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 25-Apr-2019

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