Publication

Intrinsic DNA damage repair deficiency results in progressive microglia loss and replacement

Zhang, X., Heng, Y., Kooistra, S. M., van Weering, H. R. J., Brummer, M. L., Gerrits, E., Wesseling, E. M., Brouwer, N., Nijboer, T. W., Dubbelaar, M. L., Boddeke, E. W. G. M. & Eggen, B. J. L., 17-Oct-2020, In : Glia. 3, p. 1-17 17 p., 23925.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

The DNA excision repair protein Ercc1 is important for nucleotide excision, double strand DNA break, and interstrand DNA crosslink repair. In constitutiveErcc1-knockout mice, microglia display increased phagocytosis, proliferation and an enhanced responsiveness to lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-induced peripheral inflammation. However, the intrinsic effects ofErcc1-deficiency on microglia are unclear. In this study,Ercc1was specifically deleted from Cx3cr1-expressing cells and changes in microglia morphology and immune responses at different times after deletion were determined. Microglia numbers were reduced with approximately 50% at 2-12 months afterErcc1deletion. Larger and more ramified microglia were observed followingErcc1deletion both in vivo and in organotypic hippocampal slice cultures.Ercc1-deficient microglia were progressively lost, and during this period, microglia proliferation was transiently increased.Ercc1-deficient microglia were gradually replaced by nondeficient microglia carrying a functionalErcc1allele. In contrast to constitutiveErcc1-deficient mice, microglia-specific deletion ofErcc1did not induce microglia activation or increase their responsiveness to a systemic LPS challenge. Gene expression analysis suggested thatErcc1deletion in microglia induced a transient aging signature, which was different from a priming or disease-associated microglia gene expression profile.

Original languageEnglish
Article number23925
Pages (from-to)1-17
Number of pages17
JournalGlia
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 17-Oct-2020

    Keywords

  • aging, DNA damage repair, Ercc1, microglia, morphometrics, DNA-DAMAGE, MOUSE MODEL, CELL, NEURODEGENERATION, REVEALS, REPOPULATION, ABLATION, AGE, TURNOVER

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