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Intraoperative Fluid Restriction is Associated with Functional Delayed Graft Function in Living Donor Kidney Transplantation: A Retrospective Cohort Analysis

Nieuwenhuijs-Moeke, G. J., Huijink, T. M., Pol, R. A., El Moumni, M., Burgerhof, J. G. M., Struys, M. M. R. F. & Berger, S. P., Oct-2019, In : Journal of Clinical Medicine. 8, 10, 14 p., 1587.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Background: In 2016 we observed a marked increase in functional delayed graft function (fDGF) in our living donor kidney transplantation (LDKT) recipients from 8.5% in 2014 and 8.8% in 2015 to 23.0% in 2016. This increase coincided with the introduction of a goal-directed fluid therapy (GDFT) protocol in our kidney transplant recipients. Hereupon, we changed our intraoperative fluid regimen to a fixed amount of 50 mL/kg body weight (BW) and questioned whether the intraoperative fluid regimen was related to this increase in fDGF. Methods: a retrospective cohort analysis of all donors and recipients in our LDKT program between January 2014-February 2017 (n = 275 pairs). Results: Univariate analysis detected various risk factors for fDGF. Dialysis dependent recipients were more likely to develop fDGF compared to pre-emptively transplanted patients (p <0.001). Recipients developing fDGF received less intraoperative fluid (36 (25.9-50.0) mL/kg BW vs. 47 (37.3-55.6) mL/kg BW (p = 0.007)). The GDFT protocol resulted in a reduction of intraoperative fluid administration on average by 850 mL in total volume and 21% in mL/kg BW compared to our old protocol (p <0.001). In the unadjusted analysis, a higher intraoperative fluid volume in mL/kg BW was associated with a lower risk for the developing fDGF (OR 0.967, CI (0.941-0.993)). After adjustment for the confounders, prior dialysis and the use of intraoperative noradrenaline, the relationship of fDGF with fluid volume was still apparent (OR 0.970, CI (0.943-0.998)). Conclusion: Implementation of a GDFT protocol led to reduced intraoperative fluid administration in the LDKT recipients. This intraoperative fluid restriction was associated with the development of fDGF.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1587
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Clinical Medicine
Volume8
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2019

    Keywords

  • fluid management, kidney transplantation, delayed graft function, goal-directed fluid therapy, CENTRAL VENOUS-PRESSURE, RENAL BLOOD-FLOW, HEMODYNAMIC THERAPY, POSTISCHEMIC INJURY, ACUTE REJECTION, CARDIAC-OUTPUT, OUTCOMES, PREDICTORS, ISCHEMIA, SURGERY

ID: 109490682