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Inter-generational micro-class mobility during and after socialism: The power, education, autonomy, capital, and horizontal (PEACH) model in Hungary

Lippenyi, Z. & Gerber, T. P., Jul-2016, In : Social Science Research. 58, p. 80-103 24 p.

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  • Inter-generational micro-class mobility during and after socialism

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DOI

We propose a theoretical model of how occupational mobility operates differently under socialism than under market regimes. Our model specifies four vertical dimensions of occupational resources power, education, autonomy, and capital plus a horizontal dimension consisting of linkages among occupations in the same economic branch. Given the nature of state socialist political-economic institutions, we expect power to exhibit much stronger effects in the socialist mobility regime, while autonomy and capital should play greater stratifying roles after the market transition. Education should have stable effects, and horizontal linkages should diminish in strength with market reforms. We estimate our model's parameters using data from surveys conducted in Hungary during and after the socialist period. We adopt a micro-class approach, though we test it against approaches that use more aggregated class categories. Our model provides a superior fit to other mobility models, and our results confirm our hypotheses about the distinctive features of the state socialist mobility regime. Mobility researchers often look for common patterns characterizing mobility in all industrialized societies. Our findings suggest that national institutions can produce fundamentally distinct patterns of mobility. (C) 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)80-103
Number of pages24
JournalSocial Science Research
Volume58
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2016
Externally publishedYes

    Keywords

  • Micro-class, Hungary, Intergenerational, Occupational mobility, Market transition, State socialism, REFORMING STATE SOCIALISM, COMMUNIST-PARTY MEMBERS, MARKET TRANSITION, URBAN CHINA, OCCUPATIONAL-MOBILITY, SELF-EMPLOYMENT, CONTEMPORARY RUSSIA, EARNINGS INEQUALITY, UNITED-STATES, LABOR-MARKET

ID: 77754202