Insights in the mechanism of selective olefin oligomerisation catalysis using stopped-flow freeze-quench techniques: A Mo K-edge QEXAFS studyBartlett, S. A., Wells, P. P., Nachtegaal, M., Dent, A. J., Cibin, G., Reid, G., Evans, J. & Tromp, M., 1-Dec-2011, In : Journal of Catalysis. 284, 2, p. 247-258 12 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
The activation of [MoX3(L)] (with X = Cl, Br; L = tridentate ligands with S3 and SNS donor sets) by AlMe3, analogous to the industrially important [CrCl3(L)] catalysts for selective oligomerisation of alkenes, has been investigated by Mo K-edge X-ray absorption (XAS) and UV-visible spectroscopies. Time-resolved stopped-flow XAS, in combination with a newly developed anaerobic freeze-quench approach, have established the complete alkylation of the Mo centres and a slower, stepwise sequence for [MoBr3(L)]. No evidence for directly bonded or bridged Mo-Mo dimers was observed at the high Mo:AlMe3 ratios used in this study. Decomposition of the complexes is in competition with the activation and resulted in precipitation of particulate Mo over time and explains the deactivation as observed in catalytic tests. The novel freeze-quench approach, which can trap reaction solutions within 1 s of mixing, opens up a large field of homogeneous catalysis and liquid chemistry to be studied, being able to quench this rapidly, whilst characterisation techniques with long data acquisition can be performed.
|Number of pages||12|
|Journal||Journal of Catalysis|
|Publication status||Published - 1-Dec-2011|
- RAY-ABSORPTION-SPECTROSCOPY, METAL OXIDATION-STATE, ETHYLENE TRIMERIZATION, LIGAND STRUCTURE, CR-PNP, COMPLEXES, TETRAMERIZATION, COORDINATION