Inhibitory selectivity among class I HDACs has a major impact on inflammatory gene expression in macrophagesCao, F., Zwinderman, M., van Merkerk, R., Ettema, P., Quax, W. & Dekker, F. J., 1-Sep-2019, In : European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 177, p. 457-466 10 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Histone deacetylases (HDACs) play an important role in cancer, degenerative diseases and inflammation. The currently applied HDAC inhibitors in the clinic lack selectivity among HDAC isoforms, which limits their application for novel indications such as inflammatory diseases. Recent, literature indicates that HDAC 3 plays an important role among class I HDACs in gene expression in inflammation. In this perspective, the development and understanding of inhibitory selectivity among HDACs 1, 2 and 3 and their respective influence on gene expression need to be characterized to facilitate drug discovery. Towards this aim, we synthesized nine structural analogues of the class I HDAC inhibitor Entinostat and investigated their selectivity profile among HDACs 1, 2 and 3. We found that we can explain the observed structure activity relationships by small structural and conformational differences between HDAC 1 and HDAC 3 in the 'lid' interacting region. Cell-based studies indicated, however, that application of inhibitors with improved HDAC 3 selectivity did not provide an anti-inflammatory response in contrast to expectations from biochemical evidence in literature. Altogether, in this study, we identified structure activity relationships among class I HDACs and we connected isoform selectivity among class I HDACs with pro- and anti-inflammatory gene transcription in macrophages.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||European Journal of Medicinal Chemistry|
|Early online date||18-May-2019|
|Publication status||Published - 1-Sep-2019|
- HISTONE DEACETYLASE HDAC